zum Download hier klicken

MCS - Bibliographie bis 1999

Bibliographie aller 609 wissenschaftlichen Artikel, Editorials, Bücher, Buchkapitel und Berichte, die von 1945 bis September 1999 erschienen sind und über Multiple Chemical Sensitivity berichten oder direkt damit in Verbindung stehen. (Publikationen in Zeitschriften von Klinischen Ökologen oder Briefen an Herausgeber ausgenommen)

Sortiert nach Autor

Alphabetisch sortiert nach dem Nachnamen des Autors (und beim Autor alphabetisch nach Jahren)

1. Adamec, R. 1994. Modelling anxiety disorders following chemical exposures. Toxicol.Ind.Health 10:391-420.

2. Advancing the understanding of multiple chemical sensitivity. Proceedings of the Association of Occupational and Environmental Clinics Workshop on Multiple Chemical Sensitivity. Washington, DC, 20-21 September 1991. 8, 1-257. 1992.

3. Albright, J.F. and R.A. Goldstein. 1992. Is there evidence of an immunologic basis for multiple chemical sensitivity?. [Review] [18 refs]. Toxicol Ind Health 8:215-219.

4. Altenkirch, H. 1995. [Multiple chemical sensitivity syndrome]. [German]. Gesundheitswesen. 57:661-666.

5. Altenkirch, H., D. Hopmann, B. Brockmeier, and G. Walter. 1996. Neurological investigations in 23 cases of pyrethroid intoxication reported to the German Federal Health Office. Neurotoxicology 17:645-651.

6. American Academy of Allergy and Immunology, E.C. 1986. Clinical ecology. J.Allergy Clin.Immunol. 78:269-271.

7. American Academy of Allergy, A.a.I. 1999. Position statement: idiopathic environmental intolerances. J Allergy Clin Immunol 103:36-40.

8. American Academy of Allergy. 1980. American Academy of Allergy: statement by the Executive Committee. J.Allergy Clin.Immunol. 66:431-431.

9. American Academy of Allergy. 1981. American Academy of Allergy: position statements--controversial techniques. J.Allergy Clin.Immunol. 67:333-338.

10. American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. ACOEM Statement on multiple chemical hypersensitivity syndrome, multiple chemical sensitivities, environmental tobacco smoke, and indoor air quality. ACOEM Report
27 April 1993 addendum to 2 May 1991 position statement. 1993.

11. American College of Physicians. 1989. Clinical ecology. [see comments].
Ann.Intern.Med. 111:168-178.

12. American Medical Association Council on Scientific Affairs. 1992.
Clinical ecology. [see comments]. J.A.M.A. 268:3465-3467.

13. Amundsen, M.A., N.P. Hanson, B.K. Bruce, T.D. Lantz, M.S. Schwartz, and B.M. Lukach. 1996. Odor aversion of multiple chemical sensitivities:
recommendation for a name change and description of successful behavioral
medicine treatment. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 24:Pt 2):S116-8

14. Anderson, J.H. 1997. Reactions to carpet emissions: A case series. J Nutr
Env Med 7:177-185.

15. Anderson, R.C. and J.H. Anderson. 1997. Toxic effects of air freshener
emissions. Arch Environ Health 52:433-441.

16. Anderson, R.C. and J.H. Anderson. 1998. Acute toxic effects of fragrance
products. Arch Environ Health 53:138-146.

17. Anderson, R.C. and J.H. Anderson. 1999. Sensory irritation and multiple
chemical sensitivity. Toxicol Ind Health 15:339-345.

18. Andine, P., L. Ronnback, and B. Jarvholm. 1997. Successful use of a
selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor in a patient with multiple chemical
sensitivities. Acta Psychiatr Scand 96:82-83.

19. Anger, W.K. 1990. Worksite behavioral research. Results, sensitive
methods, test batteries and the transition from laboratory data to human health.
[Review]. Neurotoxicology 11:627-717.

20. Anonymous. 1991. What is making these people sick? Chemocology

21. Anonymous1996. Conclusions and recommendations of a workshop on multiple
chemical sensitivities (MCS) February 21-23, 1996, Berlin Germany. Regul Toxicol
Pharmacol 24:S188-S189

22. Anonymous1998. NIEHS seeks data on multiple chemical sensitivity [news].
Environ Health Perspect 106:A226

23. Antelman, S.M. 1994. Time-dependent sensitization in animals: a possible
model of multiple chemical sensitivity in humans. Toxicol.Ind.Health 10:335-342.

24. Apfel, B. and H. Csef. 1995. [Fear of environmental poisons--justified
fear or psychiatric disorder?]. Psychother Psychosom Med Psychol 45:90-96.

25. Arnetz, B.B., M. Berg, I. Anderzen, T. Lundeberg, and E. Haker. 1995. A
nonconventional approach to the treatment of "environmental illness".
J.Occup.Environ.Med. 37:838-844.

26. Asero, R. 1998. Detection of patients with multiple drug allergy syndrome
by elective tolerance tests. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 80:185-188.

27. Ashford, N. A., Heinzow, B., Lutjen, K., Marouli, C., Molhave, L., Monch,
B., Papadopoulos, S., Rest, K., Rosdahl, D., Siskos, P., and Velonakis, E.
Chemical sensitivity in selected European countries: an exploratory study. A
report to the European Union. 1995. Athens, Greece, Ergonomia.

28. Ashford, N.A. 1999. Low-level chemical sensitivity: implications for
research and social policy. Toxicol Ind Health 15:421-427.

29. Ashford, N.A. and C.S. Miller. 1991. Chemical Exposures: Low Levels and
High Stakes, 1st edition. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York.

30. Ashford, N.A. and C.S. Miller. 1992. Case Definitions for Mulitple
Chemical Sensitivity. In Multiple Chemical Sensitivities: Addendum to Biologic
Markers in Immunotoxicology. AnonymousNational Academy Press, Washington, D.C. 41-

31. Ashford, N.A. and C.S. Miller. 1993. Mulitple chemical sensitivity.
Health Env.Digest 6:11

32. Ashford, N.A. and C.S. Miller. 1996. Low-level chemical sensitivity:
current perspectives. [Review] [28 refs]. Int Arch Occup Environ Health 68:367-

33. Ashford, N.A. and C.S. Miller. 1998. Chemical Exposures: Low Levels and
High Stakes, 2nd edition. Wiley & Sons, New York.

34. Baker, G.P. 1997. Intimidation of researchers by special-interest groups
[letter; comment]. N Engl J Med 337:1314-5;:discussion 1315-6.

35. Baldwin, C. M., Bell, I. R., O'Rourke, M., Nadella, M., and Lebowitz, M.
D. Personal and parental cardiopulmonary and diabetes: medical risk ratios in a
community sample with and without sensitivity to chemical stressors, Presentation
at the 16th Annual Meeting of the Society of Behavioral Medicine, March 22-25,
1995. 1995. San Diego, CA.

36. Baldwin, C.M. and I.R. Bell. 1998. Increased cardiopulmonary disease risk
in a community-based sample with chemical odor intolerance: implications for
women's health and health- care utilization. Arch Environ Health 53:347-353.

37. Baldwin, C.M., I.R. Bell, and M.K. O'Rourke. 1999. Odor sensitivity and
respiratory complaint profiles in a community- based sample with asthma, hay
fever, and chemical odor intolerance. Toxicol Ind Health 15:403-409.

38. Baldwin, C.M., I.R. Bell, M. O'Rourke, and M.D. Lebowitz. 1997. The
association of respiratory problems in a community sample of self-reported
chemical intolerance. Eur J Epidemiol 13:547-552.

39. Baldwin, C.M., I.R. Bell, M. O'Rourke, S. Nadella, and M.D. Lebowitz.
1998. Allergen risk ratios for a community sample with and without self-reports
of multiple chemical sensitivity. Chem Senses 20:661-662.

40. Bannikov, E.A. 1986. [A method of determining the sensitivity to chemical
substances in experimental studies and in patients with occupational dermatitis
using the erythrocyte sedimentation reaction]. Gig.Tr.Prof.Zabol. 45-46.

41. Banov, C. and J. Ring. 1996. Clinical Ecology Syndrome. ACI International

42. Baraniuk, J.N., D.J. Clauw, and E. Gaumond. 1998. Rhinitis symptoms in
chronic fatigue syndrome. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 81:359-365.

43. Bardana, E.J. and A. Montanaro. 1989. 'Chemically sensitive' patients:
Avoiding the pitfalls. J.Respir.Dis. 10:32-45.

44. Bardana, E.J. and A. Montanaro. 1991. Chemical sensitivity. In Current
Therapy in Allergy, Immunology and Rheumatology. L.M. Lichtenstein and A.S.
Fauci, editors. Mosby-Year Book, St. Louis.

45. Bardana, E.J., Jr., A. Montanaro, and M.T. O'Hollaren. 1988. Building-
related illness. A review of available scientific data. Clin.Rev.Allergy 6:61-89.

46. Barinaga, M. 1991. Better data needed on sensitivity syndrome [news].
Science 251:1558-1558.

47. Barnes, P.J. 1990. Neurogenic inflammation in airways and its modulation.
Arch.Int.Pharmacodyn.Ther. 303:67-82.

48. Barnes, P.J. 1991. Neurogenic inflammation in airways. Int.Arch.Allergy
Appl.Immunol. 94:303-309.

49. Barsky, A.J. and G.L. Klerman. 1983. Overview: hypochondriasis, bodily
complaints, and somatic styles. Am.J.Psychiatry 140:273-283.

50. Barsky, A.J. and J.F. Borus. 1995. Somatization in the era of managed care. JAMA 274:1931-1934.

51. Barsky, A.J. and J.F. Borus. 1999. Functional somatic syndromes. Ann
Intern Med 130:910-921.

52. Bartha, L., W. Baumzweiger, D.S. Buscher, T. Callender, K.A. Dahl, A.L.
Davidoff, A. Donnay, S.B. Edelson, B.D. Elson, E. Elliott, D.P. Flayhan, G.

Heuser, P.M. Keyl, K.H. Kilburn, P. Gibson, L.A. Jason, J. Krop, R.D. Mazlen,
R.G. McGill, J. McTamney, W.J. Meggs, W. Morton, M. Nass, L.C. Oliver, D.D.
Panjwani, L.A. Plumlee, D.J. Rapp, M.B. Shayevitz, J. Sherman, R.M. Singer, A.
Solomon, A. Vodjani, J.M. Woods, and G. Ziem. 1999. Multiple Chemical
Sensitivity: A 1999 Consensus. Arch Environ Health 54:147-149.

53. Bascom, R. 1991. The upper respiratory tract: mucous membrane irritation.
[Review] [40 refs]. Environ Health Perspect 95:39-44.

54. Bascom, R. 1992. Differential responsiveness to irritant mixtures.
Possible mechanisms. Ann.N.Y.Acad.Sci. 641:225-247.

55. Bascom, R. 1992. Multiple chemical sensitivity: a respiratory disorder?
Toxicol.Ind.Health 8:221-228.
56. Bascom, R. Chemical Hypersensitivity Syndrome Study: Options for Action,

A Literature Review, and a Needs Assessment. 1989. Maryland, State of Maryland,
Dept. of the Environment.

57. Bascom, R., W.J. Meggs, M. Frampton, K. Hudnell, K. Kilburn, G. Kobal, M.
Medinsky, and W. Rea. 1997. Neurogenic inflammation: with additional discussion
of central and perceptual integration of nonneurogenic inflammation. Environ
Health Perspect 105:531-537.

58. Bealer, S.L. and D.V. Smith. 1975. Multiple sensitivity to chemical
stimuli in single human taste papillae. Physiol.Behav. 14:795-799.

59. Bell, I. R., Glowa, J., Sheridan, J., Hudnell, Hk, MacPhail, Rc, Miller, D, Tilson, H, Benignus, V, Boyes, W, Bushnell, P, and Gilbert, M. Workshop on

Animal Models of Nervous System Susceptibility to Indoor Air Contaminants,
Summary Report, October 19-21, 1994. 1-61. 1995. Chapel Hill, NC, National Health
and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory and the U.S. Environmental
Protection Agency.

60. Bell, I.R. 1975. A kindling model of mediation for food and chemical
sensitivities: biobehavioral implications. Ann.Allergy 35:206-215.

61. Bell, I.R. 1982. Clinical Ecology. Common Knowledge Press, Bolinas, CA.

62. Bell, I.R. 1987. Environmental illness and health: the controversy and
challenge of clinical ecology for mind-body health. Advances 4:45-55.

63. Bell, I.R. 1994. White paper: Neuropsychiatric aspects of sensitivity to
low- level chemicals: a neural sensitization model. Toxicol.Ind.Health 10:277-

64. Bell, I.R. 1996. Clinically relevant EEG studies and psychophysiological
findings: possible neural mechanisms for multiple chemical sensitivity. [Review]. Toxicology 111(1-3):101-117.

65. Bell, I.R., C.M. Baldwin, and G.E. Schwartz. 1998. Illness from low
levels of environmental chemicals: relevance to chronic fatigue syndrome and
fibromyalgia. Am J Med 105:74S-82S.

66. Bell, I.R., C.M. Baldwin, L.G. Russek, G.E. Schwartz, and E.E. Hardin.
1998. Early life stress, negative paternal relationships, and chemical
intolerance in middle-aged women: support for a neural sensitization model. J
Womens.Health 7:1135-1147.

67. Bell, I.R., C.M. Baldwin, M. Fernandez, and G.E. Schwartz. 1999. Neural
sensitization model for multiple chemical sensitivity: overview of theory and
empirical evidence. Toxicol Ind Health 15:295-304.

68. Bell, I.R., C.S. Miller, and G.E. Schwartz. 1992. An olfactory-limbic
model of multiple chemical sensitivity syndrome: possible relationships to
kindling and affective spectrum disorders. Biol.Psychiatry 32:218-242.

69. Bell, I.R., C.S. Miller, G.E. Schwartz, J.M. Peterson, and D. Amend.
1996. Neuropsychiatric and somatic characteristics of young adults with and
without self-reported chemical odor intolerance and chemical sensitivity.
[Review] [114 refs]. Arch Environ.Health 51:9-21.

70. Bell, I.R., D. Amend, A.W. Kaszniak, and G.E. Schwartz. 1993. Memory
deficits, sensory impairment, and depression in the elderly [letter]. Lancet

71. Bell, I.R., E.E. Hardin, C.M. Baldwin, and G.E. Schwartz. 1995. Increased
limbic system symptomatology and sensitizability of young adults with chemical
and noise sensitivities. Environ Res 70:84-97.

72. Bell, I.R., E.J. Markley, D.S. King, S. Asher, D. Marby, H. Kayne, M.
Greenwald, D.A. Ogar, and S. Margen. 1993. Polysymptomatic syndromes and
autonomic reactivity to nonfood stressors in individuals with self-reported
adverse food reactions. J.Am.Coll.Nutr. 12:227-238.

73. Bell, I.R., G.E. Schwartz, C.M. Baldwin, and E.E. Hardin. 1996. Neural
sensitization and physiological markers in multiple chemical sensitivity.
[Review] [74 refs]. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 24:Pt 2):S39-47

74. Bell, I.R., G.E. Schwartz, C.M. Baldwin, E.E. Hardin, and J.P. Kline.
1998. Differential resting quantitative electroencephalographic alpha patterns in
women with environmental chemical intolerance, depressives, and normals. Biol
Psychiatry 43:376-388.

75. Bell, I.R., G.E. Schwartz, C.M. Baldwin, E.E. Hardin, N.G. Klimas, J.P.
Kline, R. Patarca, and Z.-Y. Song. 1997. Individual differences in neural
sensitization and the role of context in illness from low-level environmental
chemical exposures. Environ Health Perspect 105:457-466.

76. Bell, I.R., G.E. Schwartz, D. Amend, J.M. Peterson, A.W. Kaszniak, and
C.S. Miller. 1994. Psychological characteristics and subjective intolerance for
xenobiotic agents of normal young adults with trait shyness and defensiveness. A
parkinsonian-like personality type? J Nerv Ment Dis 182:367-374.

77. Bell, I.R., G.E. Schwartz, D. Amend, J.M. Peterson, and W.A. Stini. 1994.
Sensitization to early life stress and response to chemical odors in older
adults. Biol.Psychiatry 35:857-863.

78. Bell, I.R., G.E. Schwartz, J.M. Peterson, and D. Amend. 1993. Self-
reported illness from chemical odors in young adults without clinical syndromes
or occupational exposures. Arch.Environ.Health 48:6-13.

79. Bell, I.R., G.E. Schwartz, J.M. Peterson, and D. Amend. 1993. Symptom and
personality profiles of young adults from a college student population with self-
reported illness from foods and chemicals. J.Am.Coll.Nutr. 12:693-702.

80. Bell, I.R., G.E. Schwartz, J.M. Peterson, D. Amend, and W.A. Stini. 1993.
Possible time-dependent sensitization to xenobiotics: self- reported illness from
chemical odors, foods, and opiate drugs in an older adult population.
Arch.Environ.Health 48:315-327.

81. Bell, I.R., G.E. Schwartz, R.R. Bootzin, and J.K. Wyatt. 1997. Time-
dependent sensitization of heart rate and blood pressure over multiple laboratory
sessions in elderly individuals with chemical odor intolerance. Arch Environ
Health 52:6-17.

82. Bell, I.R., J.3. Rossi, M.E. Gilbert, G. Kobal, L.A. Morrow, D.B. Newlin,
B.A. Sorg, and R.W. Wood. 1997. Testing the neural sensitization and kindling
hypothesis for illness from low levels of environmental chemicals. Environ Health
Perspect 105:539-547.

83. Bell, I.R., J.K. Wyatt, R.R. Bootzin, and G.E. Schwartz. 1995. Slowed
reaction time performance on a divided attention task in elderly with
environmental chemical odor intolerance. Int.J Neurosci. 84:127-134.

84. Bell, I.R., J.M. Peterson, and G.E. Schwartz. 1995. Medical histories and
psychological profiles of middle-aged women with and without self-reported
illness from environmental chemicals. J Clin Psychiatry 56:151-160.

85. Bell, I.R., J.M. Peterson, and G.E. Schwartz. 1995. Medical histories and
psychological profiles of middle-aged women with and without self-reported
illness from environmental chemicals. J Clin Psychiatry 56:151-160.

86. Bell, I.R., J.P. Kline, G.E. Schwartz, and J.M. Peterson. 1998.
Quantitative EEG patters during nose versus mouth inhalation of filtered room air
in young adults with and without self-reported chemical intolerance. Int J
Psyshophysiol 58:50-57.

87. Bell, I.R., L. Warg-Damiani, C.M. Baldwin, M.E. Walsh, and G.E. Schwartz.
1998. Self-reported chemical sensitivity and wartime chemical exposures in Gulf
War veterans with and without decreased global health ratings. Mil.Med 163:725-

88. Bell, I.R., M.E. Walsh, A. Goss, J. Gersmeyer, G.E. Schwartz, and P.
Kanof. 1997. Cognitive dysfunction and disability in geriatric veterans with self
reported intolerance to environmental chemicals. J.Chronic Fatigue Syn. 3:15-42.

89. Bell, I.R., R. Patarca, C.M. Baldwin, N.G. Klimas, G.E. Schwartz, and
E.E. Hardin. 1998. Serum neopterin and somatization in women with chemical
intolerance, depressives, and normals. Neuropsychobiology 38:13-18.

90. Bell, I.R., R.R. Bootzin, C. Ritenbaugh, J.K. Wyatt, G. DeGiovanni, T.
Kulinovich, J.L. Anthony, T.F. Kuo, S.P. Rider, J.M. Peterson, G.E. Schwartz, and
K.A. Johnson. 1996. A polysomnographic study of sleep disturbance in community
elderly with self-reported environmental chemical odor intolerance. Biol
Psychiatry 40:123-133.

91. Bell, I.R., R.R. Bootzin, T.P. Davis, V. Hau, C. Ritenbaugh, K.A.
Johnson, and G.E. Schwartz. 1996. Time-dependent sensitization of plasma beta-
endorphin in community elderly with self-reported environmental chemical odor
intolerance. Biol Psychiatry 40:134-143.

92. Benignus, V.A. 1997. Systematic considerations in the area of multiple
chemical sensitivity. Environ Health Perspect 105:485

93. Berg, M., B.B. Arnetz, S. Liden, P. Eneroth, and A. Kallner. 1992. Techno-
stress. A psychophysiological study of employees with VDU- associated skin
complaints [see comments]. J.Occup.Med. 34:698-701.

94. Berglund, B. and T. Lindvall. 1986. Sensory reactions to "sick
buildings". Environ Int 12:147-159.

95. Berkson, J. 1994. Patient statement: a canary's tale. Toxicol.Ind.Health

96. Bernstein, D.I. 1996. Multiple chemical sensitivity: state of the art
symposium. The role of chemical allergens. [Review] [18 refs]. Regul Toxicol
Pharmacol 24:Pt 2):S28-31

97. Binkley, K.E. and S. Kutcher. 1997. Panic response to sodium lactate
infusion in patients with multiple chemical sensitivity syndrome [see comments].
J Allergy Clin Immunol 99:570-574.

98. Black, D.W. 1993. Environmental illness and misdiagnosis--a growing
problem. Regul.Toxicol.Pharmacol. 18:23-31.

99. Black, D.W. 1996. Iatrogenic (physician-induced) hypochondriasis.
Psychosomatics 37:390-393.

100. Black, D.W. 1996. Psychiatric perspective of persons with "environmental
illness". [Review] [38 refs]. Clin Rev Allergy Immunol 14:337-355.

101. Black, D.W., A. Rathe, and R.B. Goldstein. 1990. Environmental illness. A controlled study of 26 subjects with '20th century disease' [see comments]. J.A.M.A. 264:3166-3170.

102. Black, D.W., A. Rathe, and R.B. Goldstein. 1993. Measures of distress in
26 "environmentally ill" subjects. Psychosomatics 34:131-138.

103. Black, D.W., C. Okiishi, J. Gabel, and S. Schlosser. 1999. Psychiatric
illness in the first-degree relatives of persons reporting multiple chemical
sensitivities. Toxicol Ind Health 15:410-414.

104. Bland, J., E. Barrager, and R. Reddy. 1995. A Medical Food-Supplemental
Detoxification Program in the Management of Chronic Health Problems.
Alt.Therapies 62-71.

105. Blaschko, S., T. Zilker, and H. Forstl. 1999. [Idiopathic environmental
intolerance (IPI)--formerly multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS)--from the
psychiatric perspective]. Fortschr Neurol Psychiatr 67:175-187.

106. Blondell, J. and Dobozy, V. A. EPA Memorandum: Review of chlorpyrifos
poisoning data. January 14, 1997. 1997. Washington, DC, U.S. Environmental
Protection Agency, Office of Prevention, Pesticides and Toxic Substances. 1997.

107. Bock, K.W. and N. Birbaumer. 1997. MCS (Multiple Chemical Sensitivity):
cooperation between toxicology and psychology may facilitate solutions of the
problems: commentary. Hum Exp Toxicol 16:481-484.

108. Bock, K.W. and N. Bribaumer. 1998. Multiple chemical sensitivity: Shadigung durch Chemikalien oder Nozeboeffekt. Deutsches Artzeblatt 95:A-91-A-94

109. Bolla, K.I. 1996. Neurobehavioral performance in multiple chemical sensitivities. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 24:Pt 2):S52-4

110. Bolla, K.I. 1996. Neuropsychological evaluation for detecting alterations
in the central nervous system after chemical exposure. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol
24:Pt 2):S48-51

111. Bolla, K.I. and R. Roca. 1994. Neuropsychiatric sequelae of occupational
exposure to neurotoxins. In Occupational Neurology and Clinical Neurotoxicology.
M.L. Bleecker and J.A. Hansen, editors. Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore,
Maryland. 133-159.

112. Bolla-Wilson, K. and M.L. Bleecker. 1989. The author replies [to:
Physical symptoms after neurotoxic exposure]. J.Occup.Med. 31:411

113. Bolla-Wilson, K., R.J. Wilson, and M.L. Bleecker. 1988. Conditioning of
physical symptoms after neurotoxic exposure [see comments]. J.Occup.Med. 30:684-

114. Bowler, R.M., D. Mergler, G. Huel, and J.E. Cone. 1994. Aftermath of a
chemical spill: psychological and physiological sequelae. Neurotoxicology 15:723-

115. Bowler, R.M., D. Mergler, G. Huel, and J.E. Cone. 1994. Psychological,
psychosocial, and psychophysiological sequelae in a community affected by a
railroad chemical disaster. J.Trauma.Stress. 7:601-624.

116. Boxer, P.A. 1994. Outpatient treatment for multiple chemical
sensitivities [letter; comment]. J.Clin.Psychiatry 55:316-316.

117. Boxer, P.A., M. Singal, and R.W. Hartle. 1984. An epidemic of psychogenic
illness in an electronics plant. J.Occup.Med. 26:381-385.

118. Boyles, J.H., Jr. 1985. Chemical sensitivity. Diagnosis and treatment.
Otolaryngol.Clin.North Am. 18:787-795.

119. Brain, J.D., B.D. Beck, J.A. Warren, and R.A. Shaikh. 1988. Variations in
Susceptibility to Inhaled Pollutants: Identification, Mechanisms, and Policy
Implications. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, MD.

120. Brandt-Rauf, P.W., L.R. Andrews, and J. Schwarz-Miller. 1991. Sick-
hospital syndrome. J.Occup.Med. 33:737-739.

121. Brod, B.A. 1996. Multiple chemical sensitivities syndrome: a review [see
comments]. [Review] [66 refs]. Am J Contact Dermat 7:202-211.

122. Brodsky, C.M. 1983. 'Allergic to everything': a medical subculture.
Psychosomatics 24:731-2, 734-6, 740-2.

123. Brodsky, C.M. 1983. Psychological factors contributing to somatoform
diseases attributed to the workplace. The case of intoxication. J.Occup.Med. 25:459-464.

124. Brodsky, C.M. 1987. Multiple chemical sensitivities and other
environmental illness: a psychiatrist's view. Occup.Med. 2:695-704.

125. Brodsky, C.M., M.A. Green, and E.S. Ogrod. 1989. Environmental illness:
does it exist? Patient Care 15 November 1989:41-59.

126. Bronstein, A.C. 1995. Multiple chemical sensitivities--new paradigm
needed. J.Toxicol.Clin.Toxicol. 33:93-94.

127. Broughton, A., J.D. Thrasher, and Z. Gard. 1988. Immunological evaluation
of four arc welders exposed to fumes from ignited polyurethane (isocyanate) foam:
antibodies and immune profiles. Am.J.Ind.Med. 13:463-472.

128. Brown, A.E. 1999. Developing a pesticide policy for individuals with
multiple chemical sensitivity: considerations for institutions. Toxicol Ind
Health 15:432-437.

129. Brown, E.A. and N.J. Colombo. 1954. The asthmogenic effect of odours,
smells, and fumes. Ann.Allergy 12:14-24.

130. Brown, R.S. and P.R. Lees-Haley. 1992. Fear of future illness, chemical
AIDS, and cancerphobia: a review. Psychol.Rep. 71:187-207.

131. Brown-DeGagne, A.M. and J. McGlone. 1999. Multiple chemical sensitivity:
a test of the olfactory-limbic model. J Occup Environ Med 41:366-377.

132. Brown-DeGagne, A.M., J. McGlone, and D.A. Santor. 1998. Somatic
complaints disproportionately contribute to beck depression inventory estimates
of depression severity in individuals with multiple chemical sensitivity [In
Process Citation]. J Occup Environ Med 40:862-869.

133. Buchwald, D. and D. Garrity. 1994. Comparison of patients with chronic
fatigue syndrome, fibromyalgia, and multiple chemical sensitivities.
Arch.Int.Med. 154:2049-2053.

134. Buchwald, H. 1972. The elusive miasma: problems of abnormal responses to
atmospheric contaminants. Ann.Occup.Hyg. 15:379-391.

135. Burrell, R. 1992. Antigen Specific and Antigen Non-Specific Immunization.
In Multiple Chemical Sensitivities: Addendum to Biologic Markers in Immunology.
AnonymousNational Academy Press, Washington,D.C. 77-87.

136. Byers, R.D. 1994. Controversy over multiple chemical sensitivities
[letter; comment]. Ann.Intern.Med. 120:249; discussion 250-1

137. Calabrese, E.J. 1978. Pollutants and High Risk Groups: Biological Basis
of Increased Human Susceptibility to Environmental and Occupational Pollutants.
Wiley, New York, NY.

138. Calabrese, E.J. 1984. Age and Susceptibility to Toxic Substances. Wiley-
Interscience, New York, NY.

139. Calabrese, E.J. 1986. Ecogenetic Variations in Susceptibility to
Environmental Agents. Wiley, New York, NY.

140. Calabrese, E.J. 1994. High-risk population groups. Protecting those with
genetic predisposition to adverse effects following exposure to chemicals. In
Occupational Medicine. C. Zenz, O.B. Dickerson, and E.P. Horvath Jr., editors.
Mosby-Year Book, Inc., St. Louis, MO. 800-812.

141. California Medical Association Scientific Board Task Force on Clinical
Ecology. 1986. Clinical ecology--a critical appraisal. West.J.Med. 144:239-245.

142. California Senate Subcommittee on the Rights of the Disabled. Multiple
Chemical Sensitivity and Environmental Illness. 1992. Sacramento, CA, Senate

143. Callender, T., L. Morrow, K. Subramanian, D. Duhon, and M. Ristovv. 1993.
Three-dimensional brain imaging in patients with toxic encephalopathy.
Environ.Res. 60:295-319.

144. Callender, T.J., L.A. Morrow, and K. Subramanian. 1993. Evaluation of
chronic neurological sequelae after acute pesticide exposure using SPECT brain
scans. J.Toxicol.Ind.Health 41:275-284.

145. Casanova-Roig, R. 1991. Clinical ecology, multiple chemical sensitivity

(M.C.S.): the debate [letter]. Bol Asoc Med P R 83:553-556.

146. Castleman, B.I. and R.A. Lemen. 1998. The manipulation of international
scientific organizations [editorial]. Int.J.Occup.Environ.Health 4:53-56.

147. Chaisson, C.F. 1996. European policies and activities: multiple chemical
exposure. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 24:Pt 2):S163-7

148. Cohen, N., H. Kehrl, B. Berglund, A. O'Leary, G. Ross, J. Seltzer, and C.
Weisel. 1997. Psychoneuroimmunology. Environ Health Perspect 105:527-529.

149. Cohn, J.R. 1994. Multiple chemical sensitivity or multi-organ dysesthesia
[editorial]. J.Allergy Clin.Immunol. 93:953-954.

150. Colligan, M.J. 1981. Mass psychogenic illness: some clarification and
perspectives. J.Occup.Med. 23:635-638.

151. Colligan, M.J. and M.J. Smith. 1978. A methodological approach for
evaluating outbreaks of mass psychogenic illness in industry. J.Occup.Med. 20:401-

152. Colligan, M.J., M.A. Urtes, C. Wisseman, R.E. Rosensteel, T.L. Anania,
and R.W. Hornung. 1979. An investigation of apparent mass psychogenic illness in
an electronics plant. J.Behav.Med. 2:297-309.

153. Cometto-Muniz, J.E. and W.S. Cain. 1994. Sensory reactions of nasal
pungency and odor to volatile organic compounds: the alkylbenzenes. Am Ind Hyg
Assoc J 55:811-817.

154. Cone, J.E. and D. Shusterman. 1991. Health effects of indoor odorants.
Environ.Health Perspect. 95:53-59.

155. Cone, J.E. and T.A. Sult. 1992. Acquired intolerance to solvents following pesticide/solvent exposure in a building: a new group of workers at
risk for multiple chemical sensitivities? Toxicol.Ind.Health 8:29-39.

156. Cone, J.E., R. Harrison, and R. Reiter. 1987. Patients with multiple
chemical sensitivities: clinical diagnostic subsets among an occupational health
clinic population. [Review] [64 refs]. Occup Med 2:721-738.

157. Corrigan, F.M., S. MacDonald, A. Brown, K. Armstrong, and E.M. Armstrong.
1994. Neurasthenic fatigue, chemical sensitivity and GABAa receptor toxins. Med
Hypotheses 43:195-200.

158. Coxe, M. 1994. Controversy over multiple chemical sensitivities [letter].
Ann.Intern.Med. 120:249; discussion 250-1

159. Csef, H. 1998. [The non-specific environmental syndromes MCS (Multiple
Chemical Sensitivity), IEI (Idiopathic Environmental Intolerance) and SBS (Sick
Building Syndrome)]. Fortschr Med 116:18-20, 22, 24.

160. Cullen, M. 1997. Multiple Chemical Sensitivities: Development of Public
Policy in the Face of Scientific Uncertainty. In Work, Health, and Environment:
Old Problems, New Solutions. C. Levenstein and J. Wooding, editors. The Guilford
Press, New York, London. 149-162.

161. Cullen, M.R. 1987. Multiple chemical sensitivities: summary and
directions for future investigators. Occup.Med. 2:801-804.

162. Cullen, M.R. 1987. The worker with multiple chemical sensitivities: an
overview. Occup.Med. 2:655-661.

163. Cullen, M.R. 1991. Multiple chemical sensitivities: Development of public
policy in the face of scientific uncertainty. New Solutions 2:16-24.

164. Cullen, M.R. 1998. Multiple Chemical Sensitivity. In Encyclopedia of
Occupational Health and Safety. J.M. Stellman, editor. International Labour
Organization, Geneva.

165. Cullen, M.R. and C.A. Redlich. 1995. Significance of individual
sensitivity to chemicals: elucidation of host susceptibility by use of biomarkers
in environmental health research. [Review] [21 refs]. Clin.Chem. 41:Pt 2):1809-13

166. Cullen, M.R., M.G. Cherniack, and L. Rosenstock. 1990. Occupational
medicine (1). [Review]. N.E.J.M. 322:594-601.

167. Cullen, M.R., M.G. Cherniack, and L. Rosenstock. 1990. Occupational medicine. (2) [see comments]. [Review]. N.E.J.M. 322:675-683.

168. Cullen, M.R., P.E. Pace, and C.A. Redlich. 1992. The experience of the
Yale Occupational and Environmental Medicine Clinics with multiple chemical

sensitivities, 1986-1991. Toxicol.Ind.Health 8:15-19.

169. Curtis, L. 1996. Environmental illness and multiple chemical sensitivity
[letter]. J Occup Environ Med 38:16-16.

170. Custer, W.V. 1996. Multiple chemical sensitivity syndrome: the wavering
influence of the courts on public policy. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 24:Pt 2):S182-7

171. Dalton, P. 1996. Odor perception and beliefs about risk. Chem Senses

172. Dalton, P., C.J. Wysocki, M.J. Brody, and H.J. Lawley. 1997. The

influence of cognitive bias on the perceived odor, irritation and health symptoms
from chemical exposure. Int Arch Occup Environ Health 69:407-417.

173. Daniell, W.E., H.L. Stockbridge, R.F. Labbe, J.S. Woods, K.E. Anderson, D.M. Bissell, J.R. Bloomer, R.D. Ellefson, M.R. Moore, C.A. Pierach, W.E.

Schreiber, A. Tefferi, and G.M. Franklin. 1997. Environmental chemical exposures
and disturbances of heme synthesis. Environ Health Perspect 105 Suppl 1:37-53:37-

174. Daniell, W.E., H.L. Stockbridge, R.F. Labbe, J.S. Woods, K.E. Anderson,
D.M. Bissell, J.R. Bloomer, R.D. Ellefson, M.R. Moore, C.A. Pierach, W.E.
Schreiber, A. Tefferi, and G.M. Franklin. 1997. Environmental chemical exposures and disturbances of heme synthesis. [Review] [196 refs]. Environ Health Perspect
105:Suppl 1:37-53

175. Davidoff, A.L. and L. Fogarty. 1992. Mental Health and the Changing
Workplace Environment. In Environmental and Occupational Medicine. (editor=?),
editor. Little, Brown and Company, Boston. 667-673.

176. Davidoff, A.L. and L. Fogarty. 1994. Psychogenic origins of multiple
chemical sensitivities syndrome: a critical review of the research literature.
Arch.Environ.Health 49:316-325.

177. Davidoff, A.L. and P.M. Keyl. 1996. Symptoms and health status in
individuals with multiple chemical sensitivities syndrome from four reported
sensitizing exposures and a general population comparison group. Arch Environ Health 51:201-213.

178. Davidoff, A.L., P.M. Keyl, and W.J. Meggs. 1998. Development of multiple chemical sensitivities in laborers after acute gasoline fume exposure in an

underground tunneling operation. Arch Environ Health 53:183-189.

179. Davidoff, L.L. 1989. Multiple chemical sensitivities. The Amicus Journal

180. Davidoff, L.L. 1992. Models of multiple chemical sensitivities (MCS)
syndrome: using empirical data (especially interview data) to focus
investigations. Toxicol.Ind.Health 8:229-247.

181. Davidoff, L.L., T.J. Callender, L.A. Morrow, and G. Ziem. 1991. Multiple chemical sensitivities (MCS) [letter; comment]. J Psychosom Res 35:621-623.

182. Day, N. 1995. Danger--hospital at work. Hazards at the Brigham: nurses
unite to save their health and alert others. Revolution 5:72-76.

183. DeHart, R.L. 1992. Multiple Chemical Sensitivity - What is It? In Multiple Chemical Sensitivities: Addendum to Biologic Markers in
Immunotoxicology. AnonymousNational Academy Press, Washington, DC. 35-39.

184. DeHart, R.L. 1998. Multiple chemical sensitivity [editorial; comment]
[see comments]. Am Fam.Physician. 58:652-654.

185. DeHart, R.L. 1998. Multiple chemical sensitivity [editorial; comment]. Am
Fam.Physician. 58:652-654.

186. Deyo, R.A., B.M. Psaty, G. Simon, E.H. Wagner, and G.S. Omenn. 1997. The
messenger under attack -- intimidation of researchers by special- interest groups
[see comments]. N Engl J Med 336:1176-1180.

187. Dietert, R.R. and A. Hedge. 1996. Toxicological considerations in evaluating indoor air quality and human health: impact of new carpet emissions.
Crit Rev Toxicol 26:633-707.

188. Dietert, R.R. and A. Hedge. 1998. Chemical sensitivity and the immune system: a paradigm to approach potential immune involvement. Neurotoxicolo
gy 19:253-257.

189. Dolin, L.H. 1996. How to marshal the power of the Americans with
Disabilities Act to minimize your company's exposure to liability to individuals seeking accommodations for "multiple chemical sensitivity disabilities.". Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 24:Pt 2):S168-81

190. Donnay, A. 1997. Intimidation of researchers by special-interest groups
[letter; comment]. N Engl J Med 337:1314;:discussion 131-6

191. Donnay, A. and G. Ziem. 1999. Prevalence and overlap of chronic fatigue
syndrome and fibromyalgia syndrome among 100 new patients with multiple chemical
sensitivity syndrome. J Chronic Fatigue Syndrome 5:71-80.

192. Donnay, A. Recognition of Multiple Chemical Sensitivity. (updated
bimonthly). 1994. Baltimore, MD, MCS Referral & Resources, Inc.

193. Donnell, J.H.D., J.R. Bagby, R.G. Harmon, J.R. Crellin, H.C. Chaski, M.F.
Bright, M. Van Tuinen, and R.W. Metzger. 1989. Report of an illness outbreak at
the Harry S Truman state office building. Am J Epidemiol 129:550-558.

194. Doty, R.L. 1994. Olfaction and multiple chemical sensitivity.
Toxicol.Ind.Health 10:359-368.

195. Doty, R.L., D.A. Deems, R.E. Frye, R. Pelberg, and A. Shapiro. 1988.
Olfactory sensitivity, nasal resistance, and autonomic function in patients with
multiple chemical sensitivities. Arch.Otolaryngol.Head.Neck Surg. 114:1422-1427.

196. Doull, J. 1996. Specificity and dosimetry of toxicologic responses. Regul
Toxicol Pharmacol 24:Pt 2):S55-7

197. Ducatman, A.M. 1993. MCS: Multiple negative findings- Implications,
history, and predictions. Occup Environ Med 7:73-75.

198. Dudley, D. L. Chemical toxicity: A neurometric study of changes in the
auditory and visual cognitive evoked potential in response to olfaction. Clin Res
41, 383A. 1993.

199. Dudley, J. 1986. Psychiatric assessment of patients with "20th Century
Disease". Can Med Assoc J 134:472-474.

200. Duehring, C. 1999. International award winner works in enforced solitude:
implications for health care providers [interview by Marlene Jezierski]. J Emerg
Nurs 25:69-72.

201. Dyer, R.S. and K. Sexton. 1996. What can research contribute to
regulatory decisions about the health risks of multiple chemical sensitivity?
Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 24:Pt 2):S139-51

202. Edgar, R.T., E.J. Fenyves, and W.J. Rea. 1979. Air pollution analysis
used in operating an environmental control unit. Ann.Allergy 42:166-173.

203. Eissenberg, T. and R.R. Griffiths. 1997. Human drug discrimination and
multiple chemical sensitivity: caffeine exposure as an experimental model.
Environ Health Perspect 105:509-513.

204. Ellefson, R.D. and R.E. Ford. 1996. The polyphyrias: characteristics and
laboratory tests. [Review] [33 refs]. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 24:Pt 2):S119-25

205. Elliott, E.M. 1999. Understanding patients with multiple chemical
sensitivity [letter; comment]. Am Fam.Physician. 59:2109-2110.

206. Environmental Illness, Multiple Chemical Sensitivities, Chemical
Injuries, and Sick Building Syndrome. Noble Press, Chicago, IL.

207. Faust, H.S. and L.B. Brilliant. 1981. Is the diagnosis of "mass hysteria"
an excuse for incomplete investigation of low-level environmental contamination?
J.Occup.Med. 23:22-26.

208. Felleson, J.A. 1977. New environment for nursing care: the clinical
ecology unit. RN 40:49-57.

209. Fernandez, M., I.R. Bell, and G.E. Schwartz. 1999. EEG sensitization
during chemical exposure in women with and without chemical sensitivity of
unknown etiology. Toxicol Ind Health 15:305-312.

210. Fiedler, N. and H.M. Kipen. 1997. Chemical sensitivity: the scientific
literature. Environ Health Perspect 105 (Suppl 2):409-415.

211. Fiedler, N., C. Maccia, and H.M. Kipen. 1992. Evaluation of chemically
sensitive patients [see comments]. J.Occup.Med. 34:529-538.

212. Fiedler, N., H. Kipen, B. Natelson, and J. Ottenweller. 1996. Chemical
sensitivities and the Gulf War: Department of Veterans Affairs Research Center in
basic and clinical science studies of environmental hazards. Regul Toxicol
Pharmacol 24:Pt 2):S129-38

213. Fiedler, N., H.M. Kipen, J. Deluca, K. Kelly-McNeil, and B. Natelson. 1994. Neuropsychology and psychology of MCS. Toxicol.Ind.Health 10:545-554.

214. Fiedler, N., H.M. Kipen, J. Deluca, K. Kelly-McNeil, and B. Natelson.
1996. A controlled comparison of multiple chemical sensitivities and chronic
fatigue syndrome. Psychosom Med 58:38-49.

215. Fishbein, L. 1996. Multiple chemical sensitivities: an overview. Env
Toxicol Pharmacol 2:193-195.

216. Fisher, B.E. 1998. Scents and sensitivity [news]. Environ Health Perspect

217. Fisherman, E.W. and G. Cohen. 1973. Chemical intolerance to butylated-
hydroxyanisole (BHA) and butylated-hydroxytoluene (BHT) and vascular response as
an indicator and monitor of drug intolerance. Ann.Allergy 31:126-133.

218. Fisherman, E.W. and G.N. Cohen. 1977. Chronic and recurrent urticaria:
new concepts of drug-group sensitivity. Ann.Allergy 39:404-414.

219. Ford, C.V. 1997. Somatization and fashionable diagnoses: illness as a way
of life [In Process Citation]. Scand J Work Environ Health 23:Suppl 3:7-16

220. Friedman, M.J. 1994. Neurobiological sensitization models of post-
traumatic stress disorder: their possible relevance to multiple chemical
sensitivity syndrome. Toxicol.Ind.Health 10:449-462.

221. Fung, F. and R. Kennon. 1999. Understanding patients with multiple
chemical sensitivity [letter; comment]. Am Fam.Physician. 59:2104, 2109-6.

222. Galland, L. 1987. Biochemical abnormalities in patients with multiple
chemical sensitivities. Occup.Med. 2:713-720.

223. Gammage, R., Miller, C. S., and Jankovic, J. Exacerbation of chemical
sensitivity associated with new construction: a case study. 2 (Tuesday), 291-296.
1996. The 7th International Conference on Indoor Air Quality and Climate. Indoor
Air '96, July 21-26, 1996, Nagoya Japan.

224. Gibson, P. 1993. Environmental Illness/Multiple Chemical Sensitivities:
Invisible Disabilities. Women and Therapy 14:171-185.

225. Gibson, P.R. 1997. Multiple chemical sensitivity, culture and
delegitimization: A feminist analysis. Feminism & Psychology 7:475

226. Gibson, P.R., J. Cheavens, and M.L. Warren. 1996. Chemical
Sensitivity/Chemical Injury and Life Disruption. Women & Therapy 19:63-79.

227. Gibson, P.R., J. Cheavens, and M.L. Warren. 1998. Social support in
persons with self-reported sensitivity to chemicals. Res Nurs Health 21:103-115.

228. Gilbert, A.N., S.C. Knasko, and J. Sabini. 1997. Sex differences in task
performance associated with attention to ambient odor. Arch Environ Health 52:195-

229. Gilbert, M.E. 1994. The phenomenology of limbic kindling.
Toxicol.Ind.Health 10:343-358.

230. Goffin, V., C. Pierard-Franchimont, and G.E. Pierard. 1996. Sensitive
skin and stratum corneum reactivity to household cleaning products. Contact
Dermatitis 34:81-85.

231. Gollub, B. and L. Morton. 1999. Understanding patients with multiple
chemical sensitivity [letter; comment]. Am Fam.Physician. 59:2110-2111.

232. Goodman, M. 1995. Illness as lifestyle. Can.Fam.Physician 41:267-270.

233. Gordon, M. 1987. Reactions to chemical fumes in radiology departments.
Radiography. 53:85-89.

234. Gordon, M. 1989. Dangers in the darkroom. The Radiographer 36:114-115.

235. Gori, G.B. 1996. The role of objective science in policy development:
evidence versus conjecture. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 24:Pt 2):S3-7

236. Gothe, C.J., C. Molin, and C.G. Nilsson. 1995. The environmental
somatization syndrome. Psychosomatics 36:1-11.

237. Gots, R.E. 1993. Medical hypothesis and medical practice:
autointoxication and multiple chemical sensitivities. Regul.Toxicol.Pharmacol.

238. Gots, R.E. 1995. Multiple chemical sensitivities--public policy
[editorial]. J.Toxicol.Clin.Toxicol. 33:111-113.

239. Gots, R.E. 1996. Multiple chemical sensitivities: distinguishing between
psychogenic and toxicodynamic. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 24:Pt 2):S8-15

240. Gots, R.E., T.D. Hamosh, W.G. Flamm, and C.J. Carr. 1993. Multiple
chemical sensitivities: a symposium on the state of the science.
Regul.Toxicol.Pharmacol. 18:61-78.

241. Gralewicz, S. 1998. [Multiple chemical sensitivity: a new type of
toxicity?]. Med Pr 49:473-481.

242. Graveling, R.A., A. Pilkington, J.P.K. George, M.P. Butler, and S.N.
Tannahill. 1999. A review of multiple chemical sensitivity. Occup Environ Med

243. Gray, C. 1997. Waiting list already 7 months long at Toronto's new
Environmental Health Clinic. CMAJ 156:879-881.

244. Green, M. 1985. Questions and Answers: 'Allergic to everything': 20th-
Century Syndrome. J.A.M.A. 253:842

245. Grieco, M.H. 1982. Controversial practices in allergy. J.A.M.A. 247

246. Guglielmi, R.S., D.J. Cox, and D.A. Spyker. 1994. Behavioral treatment of
phobic avoidance in multiple chemical sensitivity. J.Behav.Ther.Exp.Psychiatry

247. Gupta, K., L. Perharic, G.N. Volans, V.S. Murray, and J.P. Watson. 1997.
Apparent poisoning by wood preservatives: an attributional syndrome. J Psychosom
Res 43:391-398.

248. Habermann, E. 1998. [Poison and nocebo--2 aspects of toxicology]. Med
Klin 93:113-118.

249. Hahn, M. and H.L. Bonkovsky. 1997. Multiple chemical sensitivity syndrome
and porphyria -- a note of caution and concern [Review]. Arch.Int.Med. 157:281-

250. Haley, R.W., T.L. Kurt, and J. Hom. 1997. Is there a Gulf War Syndrome?
Searching for syndromes by factor analysis of symptoms [see comments]. JAMA

251. Hall, E.M. and J.V. Johnson. 1989. A case study of stress and mass

psychogenic illness in industrial workers. J.Occup.Med. 31:243-250.

252. Hall, S.S. 1993. Allergic to the 20th century- May 1993. Hipppocrates 43-

253. Haller, E. 1993. Successful management of patients with multiple chemical
sensitivities on an inpatient psychiatric unit [see comments]. J.Clin.Psychiatry

254. Haney Davis, T., L. Jason, and M.A. Bangheart. 1998. The effect of
housing on individuals with multiple chemical sensitivities. J Primary Prev 19:31-

255. Harrison, M. 1992. Semiconductor manufacturing hazards. In Hazardous
Materials Toxicology, Clinical Principles of Environmental Health. J.B. Sullivan
and G.R. Krieger, editors. Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore, Maryland. 472-504.

256. Harrison, P.J. and R.C. Pearson. 1989. Olfaction and psychiatry [see
comments]. Br.J.Psychiatry 155:822-828.

257. Harrison, R. 1995. Multiple chemical sensitivity: controversies in
clinical diagnosis and management. In Environmental Medicine. S.M. Brooks, M.
Gochfeld, R.J. Jackson, J. Herzstein, and M.B. Schenker, editors. Mosby, St.
Louis, MO. 368-376.

258. Harrison, R. 1997. Multiple Chemical Sensitivity. In Occupational and
Environmental Medicine. J. LaDou, editor. Appleton & Lange, Stamford CT. 752-758.

259. Hartman, D.E. 1998. Missed diagnoses and misdiagnoses of environmental
toxicant exposure. The psychiatry of toxic exposure and multiple chemical
sensitivity. Psychiatr Clin North Am 21:659-70, vii.

260. Hausotter, W. 1998. [Neurological problems in environmental medicine].
Wien Med Wochenschr 148:46-51.

261. Health Canada. Multiple Chemical Sensitivities and Their Relevance to
Psychiatric Disorders. Workshop Proceedings, 7 December 1992. 1992. Ottawa,
Ontario, Health Canada.

262. Heinzow, B. 1999. Psychosocial factors in the occurrence of environmental
intolerances [In Process Citation]. Zentralbl Hyg Umweltmed 202:153-164.

263. Henkin, R.I., P.J. Schechter, R. Hoye, and C.F. Mattern. 1971. Idiopathic
hypogeusia with dysgeusia, hyposmia, and dysosmia. A new syndrome. J.A.M.A.

264. Henry, C.J., L. Fishbein, W.J. Meggs, N.A. Ashford, P.A. Schulte, H.
Anderson, J.S. Osborne, and D.W. Sepkovic. 1991. Approaches for assessing health
risks from complex mixtures in indoor air: a panel overview. Environ.Health
Perspect. 95:135-143.

265. Herr, C. and T. Eikmann. 1998. [Environmental-medical diagnosis and
therapy. Hasty diagnosis of unspecified environmental syndromes should be
avoided]. Fortschr Med 116:26-29.

266. Hessl, S.M. 1987. Management of patients with multiple chemical
sensitivities at occupational health clinics. Occup.Med. 2:779-789.

267. Heuser, G. 1992. Editorial: Diagnostic markers in clinical
immunotoxicology and neurotoxicology. J Occup Med & Tox 1:v-x

268. Heuser, G., A. Wodjani, and S. Heuser. 1992. Diagnostic markers in
chemical sensitivity. In Multiple Chemical Sensitivities: Addendum to Biologic
Markers in Immunotoxicology. AnonymousNational Academy Press, Washington DC. 117-

269. Heuser, G., I. Mena, and F. Alamos. 1994. NeuroSPECT findings in patients
exposed to neurotoxic chemicals. Toxicol.Ind.Health 10:561-571.

270. Hileman, B. 1991. Special report: Multiple Chemical Sensitivity July 22,
1991. C&EN 26-42.

271. Hodgson, M.J. 1989. Clinical diagnosis and management of building-related
illness and the sick-building syndrome. [Review] [54 refs]. Occup Med 4:593-606.

272. Hodgson, M.J. and H.M. Kipen. 1999. Gulf War illnesses: causation and
treatment. J Occup Environ Med 41:443-452.

273. House, R.A. and D.L. Holness. 1997. Investigation of factors affecting
psychogenic illness in employees in a fish-packing plant. Am J Ind Med 32:90-96.

274. Howard, L.M. and S. Wessely. 1993. The psychology of multiple allergy
[editorial] [see comments]. B.M.J. 307:747-748.

275. Hudnell, H., D. Otto, and D. House. 1993. Time course of odor and
irritation effects in humans exposed to a mixture of 22 volatile organic
compounds. Proc Indoor Air '93 1:567-572.

276. Hummel, T., S. Roscher, M.P. Jaumann, and G. Kobal. 1996. Intranasal
chemoreception in patients with multiple chemical sensitivities: a double-blind
investigation. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 24:Pt 2):S79-86

277. Hyams, K.C. 1998. Developing case definitions for symptom-based
conditions: the problem of specificity. Epidemiol Rev 20:148-156.

278. Iasnetsov, V.V. and V.A. Pravdivtsev. 1986. [Chemical sensitivity of the
neurons of the medial vestibular nucleus to enkephalins, acetylcholine, GABA and
L-glutamate]. Kosm.Biol.Aviakosm.Med. 20:53-57.

279. Ignatova, M.S., E.A. Kharina, V.A. Spitsin, V.V. Dlin, E.A. Iur'eva, I.M.
Osmanov, and G.P. Raba. 1997. [Ecopathology of the kidneys and individual
sensitivity to heavy metal salts]. Ter Arkh 69:44-49.

280. Jarvholm, B. and L. Nilson. 1989. [Multiple chemical sensitivities. A new
diagnostic entity?]. Lakartidningen 86:3362-3362.

281. Jewett, D.L. 1992. Diagnosis and treatment of hypersensitivity syndrome.
Toxicol.Ind.Health 8:111-123.

282. Jewett, D.L. 1992. Research strategies for investigating multiple
chemical sensitivity. Toxicol.Ind.Health 8:175-179.

283. Joellenbeck, L.M., P.J. Landrigan, and E.L. Larson. 1998. Gulf War
veterans' illnesses: a case study in causal inference. Environ Res 79:71-81.

284. Johnson, A. R. and Rea, W. J. Review of 200 cases in the environmental
control unit, Dallas, Presentation at the 7th International Symposium on Man and
His Environment in Health and Disease, February 25-26, 1989. 1989. Dallas, TX. 2-

285. Kahn, E. and G. Letz. 1989. Clinical ecology: environmental medicine or
unsubstantiated theory? [see comments]. Ann.Intern.Med. 111:104-106.

286. Kahn, E. and G. Letz. 1990. Clinical ecology: environmental medicine or
unsubstantiated theory? [letter; comment]. J.Allergy Clin.Immunol. 85:437-439.

287. Kailin, E. and A. Hastings. 1966. Electromyographic evidence of DDT-
induced myasthenia [in MCS patients]. Med.Ann.Washington DC 35:237-245.

288. Kailin, E. and C. Brooks. 1963. Systemic toxic reactions to soft plastic
food containers: a double-blind study [of MCS patients]. Med.Ann.Washington DC

289. Kailin, E. and C. Brooks. 1965. Cerebral disturbances from small amounts
of DDT; a controlled study [of MCS patients]. Med.Ann.Washington DC 35:519-524.

290. Kanerva, L. and T. Estlander. 1998. Simultaneous active sensitization to
multiple chemicals. Contact Dermatitis 38:174-175.

291. Karr, C., P. Demers, L.G. Costa, W.E. Daniell, S. Barnhart, M. Miller, G.
Gallagher, S.W. Horstman, D. Eaton, and L. Rosenstock. 1992. Organophosphate
pesticide exposure in a group of Washington State orchard applicators.
Environ.Res. 59:229-237.

292. Kay, A.B. 1993. Alternative allergy and the General Medical Council
[published erratum appears in BMJ 1993 Jan 23;306(6872):261] [see comments]. BMJ

293. Kay, L. Support for the kindling hypothesis in multiple chemical
sensitivity syndrome (MCSS) induction, Presentation at the 26th Annual Meeting of
the Society for Neuroscience, Washington DC, November 16-21, 1996. 1996. Society
for Neuroscience.

294. Kehrl, H.R. 1997. Laboratory testing of the patient with multiple
chemical sensitivity. Environ Health Perspect 105 Suppl 2:443-4:443-444.

295. Kenyon, J.N. 1986. Clinical ecology. Practitioner 230:1095-1103.

296. Kenyon, J.N. 1986. Food sensitivity, a search for underlying causes. Case
study of 12 patients. Acupunct.Electrother.Res. 11:1-13.

297. Keplinger, H. 1994. Patient statement: chemically sensitive.
Toxicol.Ind.Health 10:313-317.

298. Khoury, L. and R. Warrington. 1996. The multiple drug allergy syndrome: a
matched-control retrospective study in patients allergic to penicillin. J Allergy
Clin Immunol 98:462-464.

299. Kiesswetter, E. 1999. 'Multiple Chemical Sensitivity', the relevance of
toxic, neurobiological and psychic effect mechanisms [In Process Citation].
Zentralbl Hyg Umweltmed 202:191-205.

300. Kilburn, K.H. 1993. How should we think about chemically reactive
patients? [editorial; comment]. Arch.Environ.Health 48:4-5.

301. Kilburn, K.H. 1993. Symptoms, syndrome, and semantics: multiple chemical
sensitivity and chronic fatigue syndrome [editorial]. Arch Environ Health 48:368-

302. King, D.S. 1981. Can allergic exposure provoke psychological symptoms? A
double- blind test. Biol Psychiatry 16:3-19.

303. King, D.S. 1984. Psychological and behavioral effects of food and
chemical exposure in sensitive individuals. [Review] [58 refs]. Nutr.Health 3:137-

304. Kipen, H. and N. Fiedler. 1997. Experimental approaches to chemical sensitivity: introduction and overview. Environ Health Perspect 105:Suppl 2:405-7

305. Kipen, H.M. and N. Fiedler. 1999. Invited commentary: sensitivities to
chemicals--context and implications [comment]. Am J Epidemiol 150:13-16.

306. Kipen, H.M., N. Fiedler, C. Maccia, E. Yurkow, J. Todaro, and D. Laskin.
1992. Immunologic evaluation of chemically sensitive patients. Toxicol.Ind.Health

307. Kipen, H.M., W. Hallman, K. Kelly-McNeil, and N. Fiedler. 1995. Measuring chemical sensitivity prevalence: a questionnaire for population studies.
Am.J.Public Health 85:574-577.

308. Klubes, P. 1991. An encounter with the syndrome of multiple chemical
sensitivities: reflections of a pharmacologist. Perspect.Biol.Med. 34:355-364.

309. Kobal, G. and T. Hummel. 1994. Olfactory (chemosensory) event-related
potentials. Toxicol.Ind.Health 10:587-596.

310. Koch, F. and J.M. Hughes. 1998. Perioperative care of environmentally sensitive patients. AORN J 68:375-382.

311. Koller, L.D. 1985. Effect of chemical sensitivity on the immune system. Immun.&Allerg.Prac. 7:405-417.

312. Kradin, R.L. 1997. The psychosomatic symptom and the self: a sirens'
song. J Anal Psychol 42:405-423.

313. Kreutzer, R. and Neutra, R. R. Final Report: Evaluating Individual
Reporting Sensitivities to Multiple Chemicals. #PB96-187646. 1996. Atlanta GA, US

314. Kreutzer, R., R.R. Neutra, and N. Lashuay. 1999. Prevalence of people
reporting sensitivities to chemicals in a population-based survey [see comments].
Am J Epidemiol 150:1-12.

315. Krohn, J., J. Ryan, and J. Jacobson. 1994. Controversy over multiple
chemical sensitivities [letter; comment]. Ann.Intern.Med. 120:250; discussion 250-

316. Krop, J.J. 1993. Clinical ecology and its role in diagnosis of chronic
diseases caused by environmental pollution. Indoor air pollution as a major
factor. Folia Med.Cracov. 34:105-119.

317. Kurt, T.L. 1995. Multiple chemical sensitivities--a syndrome of
pseudotoxicity manifest as exposure perceived symptoms. J.Toxicol.Clin.Toxicol.

318. Kurtz, D., T. White, and E. Belknap. 1993. Perceived odor intensity and
hedonics in subjects with multiple chemical sensitivity. Chem Senses 18(5):584

319. Lambert, W.E. and J.M. Samet. 1996. Indoor Air Pollution. In Occupational
and Environmental Respiratory Disease. P. Harber, M.B. Schenker, and J.R. Balmes,
editors. Mosby-Year Book, Inc., St. Louis, Missouri. 784-807.

320. Landrigan, P.J. 1990. Prevention of toxic environmental illness in the
twenty-first century. [Review]. Environ.Health Perspect. 86:197-199.

321. Lawson, L. 1993. Staying Well in a Toxic World: Understanding

322. Lax, M.B. 1998. Multiple chemical sensitivities: the social construction
of an illness. Int J Health Serv 28:725-745.

323. Lax, M.B. and P.K. Henneberger. 1995. Patients with multiple chemical
sensitivities in an occupational health clinic: presentation and follow-up.
Arch.Environ.Health 50(6):425-431.

324. Lebowitz, M.D. 1992. Key Concepts: Chemical Sensitization. In
AnonymousNational Academy Press, Washington, DC. 13-34.

325. Lee, R.E. 1986. Environmental hypersensitivity: would we really accept
the results of sound research? Can.Med.Assoc.J. 134:1333-1336.

326. Lees-Haley, P.R. and R.S. Brown. 1992. Biases in perception and reporting
following a perceived toxic exposure. [Review] [60 refs]. Percept Mot Skills

327. Lehrer, P.M. 1997. Psychophysiological hypotheses regarding multiple
chemical sensitivity syndrome. Environ Health Perspect 105:479-483.

328. LeRoy, J., T. Davis, and L. Jason. 1996. Treatment efficacy: A survey of
305 MCS patients. The CFIDS Chronicle 52-53.

329. Lessof, M. 1997. Report of Multiple Chemical Sensitivities (MCS)
Workshop, Berlin, Germany, 21-23 February 1996. PCS/96.29 IPCS, Geneva,
Switzerland. Hum Exp Toxicol 16:233-234.

330. Levin, A.S. and V.S. Byers. 1987. Environmental illness: a disorder of
immune regulation. Occup.Med. 2:669-681.

331. Levin, A.S. and V.S. Byers. 1992. Multiple chemical sensitivities: a
practicing clinician's point of view. Clinical and immunologic research findings.
[Review] [37 refs]. Toxicol Ind Health 8:95-109.

332. Levin, A.S., J.J. McGovern, Jr., J.B. Miller, L. Lecam, and J. Lazaroni.
1981. Immune complex mediated vascular inflammation in patients with food and
chemical allergies [conference abstract]. Ann.Allergy 47:138

333. Levine, R.J. 1981. Is the presence of low-level environmental
contamination a sufficient excuse for not diagnosing mass hysteria? [letter].
J.Occup.Med. 23:597-599.

334. Levine, R.J., D.J. Sexton, F.J. Romm, B.T. Wood, and J. Kaiser. 1974.
Outbreak of psychosomatic illness at a rural elementary school. Lancet 2:1500-

335. Levine, S.A. and J.H. Reinhardt. 1983. Biochemical pathology initiated by
free radicals, oxidant chemicals, and therapeutic drugs in the etiology of
hypersensitivity disease. Orthomol.Psych. 12:166-174.

336. Levy, F. 1997. Clinical features of multiple chemical sensitivity. Scand
J Work Environ Health 23 Suppl 3:69-73:69-73.

337. Lewis, B.M. 1987. Workers with multiple chemical sensitivities:
psychosocial intervention. Occup.Med. 2:791-799.

338. Leznoff, A. 1994. Multiple chemical sensitivity: Myth or reality?
Pract.Allergy.Immunol. 8:48-52.

339. Leznoff, A. 1997. Provocative challenges in patients with multiple
chemical sensitivity [see comments]. J Allergy Clin Immunol 99:438-442.

340. Leznoff, A. 1999. Re: Davidoff et al. Development of multiple chemical
sensitivities in laborers after acute gasoline fume exposure in an underground
tunnelling operation [letter; comment]. Arch Environ Health 54:302-303.

341. Lieberman, A.D. and M.R. Craven. 1998. Reactive Intestinal Dysfunction
Syndrome (RIDS) caused by chemical exposures. Arch Environ Health 53:354-358.

342. Lohmann, K., A. Prohl, and E. Schwarz. 1996. [Multiple chemical
sensitivity disorder in patients with neurotoxic illnesses]. [German]. Gesundheitswesen. 58:322-331.

343. Lorig, T.S. 1994. EEG and ERP studies of low-level odor exposure in
normal subjects. Toxicol.Ind.Health 10:579-586.

344. Lundberg, A. 1996. Psychiatric aspects of air pollution. [Review].
Otolaryngol.Head.Neck Surg. 114:227-231.

345. Luster, M.I. and G.J. Rosenthal. 1993. Chemical agents and the immune
response. [Review]. Environmental.Health Perspectives. 100:219-226.

346. Luster, M.I. and J.H. Dean. 1982. Immunological hypersensitivity
resulting from environmental or occupational exposure to chemicals: a state-of-
the-art workshop summary. Fundam.Appl.Toxicol. 2:327-330.

347. Maberly, D.J., H.M. Anthony, and S. Birtwistle. 1996. Polysymptomatic
patients: A two-centre outcome audit study. J.Nutr.&Env.Med. 6:7-32.

348. Mackarness, R. 1979. Clinical ecology: a review. Practitioner 222:657-

349. MacPhail, R.C. 1997. Evolving concepts of chemical sensitivity. Environ
Health Perspect 105:455-456.

350. MacPhail, R.C. and D.B. Peele. 1992. Animal models for assessing the
neurobehavioral impact of airborne pollutants. Ann.N.Y.Acad.Sci. 641:294-303.

351. Magill, M.K. and A. Suruda. 1998. Multiple chemical sensitivity syndrome
[see comments]. Am Fam.Physician. 58:721-728.

352. Maguire, A. 1978. Psychic possession among industrial workers. Lancet

353. Mahler, V., A. Schmidt, M. Fartasch, T.H. Loew, and T.L. Diepgen. 1998.
[Value of psychotherapy in expert assessment of skin diseases. Recommendations
and indications for additional psychotherapy evaluation in expert assessment from
the viewpoint of dermatology]. Hautarzt. 49:626-633.

354. Mahler, V., A. Schmidt, M. Fartasch, T.H. Loew, and T.L. Diepgen. 1998.
[In Process Citation]. Hautarzt. 49:626-633.

355. Malt, U.F., P. Nerdrum, B. Oppedal, R. Gundersen, M. Holte, and J. Lone. 1997. Physical and mental problems attributed to dental amalgam fillings - a descriptive study of 99 self-reported patients compared with 272 controls.
Psychosom.Med. 59:32-41.

356. Marchant, R. 1995. Don't ignore the obvious: When assessing a worker for
multiple chemical sensitivity, several diagnoses need to be considered. OH&S
Canada 11:74

357. Margolick, J.B. and R.F. Vogt, Jr. 1994. Controversy over multiple
chemical sensitivities [letter; comment]. Ann.Intern.Med. 120:249; discussion 250-

358. Martin, J.R. 1995. The sensitive individual and the indoor environment:
case study. Am Ind Hyg Assoc J 56:1121-1126.

359. Maschewsky, W. 1988. Psychosomatish oder neurotoxisch? Jahrbuch fur
Kritische Medizin 13:154-164.

360. Maschewsky, W. 1992. Brain damage by workplace chemicals - overdiagnosis
or underreporting? Internat.J.Health.Sci. 3:105-110.

361. Maschewsky, W. 1994. Chemische Mehrfachempfindlichkeit (MCS) - eine neue
Neurose? Verhaltenstherapie und psychosoziale Praxis 2:183-199.

362. Maschewsky, W. 1995. Sehr empfindlich oder uberempfindlich? Der Streit um
die chemische Mehrfachempfindlichkeit (Teil 1). Soziale Sicherheit 4:143-148.

363. Maschewsky, W. 1996. MCS und Porphyrinopathien. Zeitung fur Umweltmedizin

364. Mayberg, H. 1994. Critique: SPECT studies of multiple chemical
sensitivity. [Review] [40 refs]. Toxicol.Ind.Health 10:661-666.

365. McCampbell, A. 1994. Controversy over multiple chemical sensitivities
[letter; comment]. Ann.Intern.Med. 120:250; discussion 250-1

366. McCampbell, A. 1997. Iatrogenic (physician-induced) hypochondriasis
[letter]. Psychosomatics 38:300-301.

367. McCampbell, A. 1999. Understanding patients with multiple chemical
sensitivity [letter; comment]. Am Fam.Physician. 59:2111-2112.

368. McDonagh, A.F. and D.M. Bissell. 1998. Porphyria and porphyrinology--the
past fifteen years. Semin Liver Dis 18:3-15.

369. McFadden, S.A. 1996. Phenotypic variation in xenobiotic metabolism and
adverse environmental response: focus on sulfur-dependent detoxification
pathways. [Review] [145 refs]. Toxicology 111:43-65.

370. McGovern, J.J., Jr., J.A. Lazaroni, M.F. Hicks, J.C. Adler, and P.
Cleary. 1983. Food and chemical sensitivity. Clinical and immunologic correlates.
Arch Otolaryngol. 109:292-297.

371. McKeown-Eyssen, G., L. Marshall, C. Baines, and G. Rodin. 1996. Research
initiatives at the University of Toronto Environmental Hypersensitivity Research
Unit. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 24:Pt 2):S126-8

372. McLellan, R.K. 1987. Biological interventions in the treatment of
patients with multiple chemical sensitivities. In Workers with Multiple Chemical
Sensitivities. AnonymousHanley & Belfus, Philadelphia. 755-777.

373. McLellan, R.K. 1989. Multiple chemical hypersensitivities [letter].
Ann.Intern.Med. 111:953-953.

374. McLellan, R.K. 1993. Clinical ecology [letter; comment]. J.A.M.A.

375. Medenica, R. and et al. 1994. Plasmapheresis improved patients suffering
from chronic chemical toxicity and multiple chemical sensitivity. Artificial
Organs 18:145

376. Meggs, W. J., Larkin, E. L., and Cleveland, C. H., Jr. Multiple chemical
sensitivity may be reactive airways dysfunction. Internal Medicine News &
Cardiology News , 26. 1992.

377. Meggs, W.J. 1992. Health effects of indoor air pollution. N.C.Med.J.

378. Meggs, W.J. 1992. Immunological Mechanisms of Disease and the Multiple
Chemical Sensitivity Syndrome. In Multiple Chemical Sensitivities: Addendum to
Biological Markers in Immunotoxicology. AnonymousNational Academy Press,
Washington, D.C. 155-169.

379. Meggs, W.J. 1992. Multiple chemical sensitivities and the immune system.
[Review]. Toxicol.Ind.Health 8:203-214.

380. Meggs, W.J. 1993. Neurogenic inflammation and sensitivity to
environmental chemicals. Environ Health Perspect 101:234-238.

381. Meggs, W.J. 1994. RADS and RUDS--the toxic induction of asthma and
rhinitis. [Review] [84 refs]. J Toxicol Clin Toxicol 32:487-501.

382. Meggs, W.J. 1995. Multiple chemical sensitivities--chemical sensitivity
as a symptom of airway inflammation [editorial]. J.Toxicol.Clin.Toxicol. 33:107-

383. Meggs, W.J. 1995. Neurogenic switching: a hypothesis for a mechanism for
shifting the site of inflammation in allergy and chemical sensitivity. Environ
Health Perspect 103:54-56.

384. Meggs, W.J. 1997. Hypothesis for induction and propagation of chemical
sensitivity based on biopsy studies. Environ Health Perspect 105:473-478.

385. Meggs, W.J. 1997. Psychogenic versus biologic basis for chemical
sensitivity [letter]. J Allergy Clin Immunol 100:Pt 1):855-6

386. Meggs, W.J. 1999. Gulf War Syndrome, Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, and the
Multiple Chemical Sensitivity Syndrome: stirring the cauldron of confusion
[editorial] [In Process Citation]. Arch Environ Health 54:309-311.

387. Meggs, W.J. 1999. Mechanisms of allergy and chemical sensitivity. Toxicol
Ind Health 15:331-338.

388. Meggs, W.J. and C.H. Cleveland, Jr. 1993. Rhinolaryngoscopic examination
of patients with the multiple chemical sensitivity syndrome [see comments].
Arch.Environ.Health 48:14-18.

389. Meggs, W.J., K.A. Dunn, R.M. Bloch, P.E. Goodman, and A.L. Davidoff.
1996. Prevalence and nature of allergy and chemical sensitivity in a general
population. Arch.Environ.Health 51(4):275-282.

390. Meggs, W.J., T. Elsheik, W.J. Metzger, M. Albernaz, and R.M. Bloch. 1996.
Nasal pathology and ultrastructure in patients with chronic airway inflammation
(RADS and RUDS) following an irritant exposure. J.Toxicol.Clin.Toxicol. 34:383-

391. Miller, C.S. 1992. Possible models for multiple chemical sensitivity:
conceptual issues and role of the limbic system. Toxicol.Ind.Health 8:181-202.

392. Miller, C.S. 1994. White paper: Chemical sensitivity: history and
phenomenology. Toxicol.Ind.Health 10:253-276.

393. Miller, C.S. 1995. Multiple chemical sensitivity syndrome [letter].
J.Occup.Environ.Med. 37:1323-1323.

394. Miller, C.S. 1996. Chemical sensitivity: symptom, syndrome or mechanism
for disease?. [Review]. Toxicology 111:69-86.

395. Miller, C.S. 1997. Toxicant-induced loss of tolerance--an emerging theory
of disease? Environ Health Perspect 105:445-453.

396. Miller, C.S. 1999. Are we on the threshold of a new theory of disease?
Toxicant-induced loss of tolerance and its relationship to addiction and
abdiction. Toxicol Ind Health 15:284-294.

397. Miller, C.S. and H.C. Mitzel. 1995. Chemical sensitivity attributed to
pesticide exposure versus remodeling. Arch.Environ.Health 50:119-129.

398. Miller, C.S. and N.A. Ashford. 1992. Allergy and Mulitple Chemical
Sensitivities Distinguished. In Multiple Chemical Sensitivities: Addendum to
Biologic Markers in Immunotoxicology. AnonymousNational Academy Press,
Washington, D.C. 47-63.

399. Miller, C.S. and N.A. Ashford. 1993. The hypersusceptible individual. Proc Indoor Air '93 1:549-554.

400. Miller, C.S. and N.A. Ashford. 1999. Chronic multisystem illness among
Gulf War veterans [letter; comment]. JAMA 282:328-329.

401. Miller, C.S. and T.J. Prihoda. 1999. A controlled comparison of symptoms
and chemical intolerances reported by Gulf War veterans, implant recipients and
persons with multiple chemical sensitivity. Toxicol Ind Health 15:386-397.

402. Miller, C.S. and T.J. Prihoda. 1999. The Environmental Exposure and
Sensitivity Inventory (EESI): a standardized approach for measuring chemical
intolerances for research and clinical applications. Toxicol Ind Health 15:370-

403. Miller, C.S., N.A. Ashford, R. Doty, M. Lamielle, D. Otto, A. Rahill, and
L. Wallace. 1997. Empirical approaches for the investigation of toxicant-induced
loss of tolerance. Environ Health Perspect 105:515-519.

404. Miller, C.S., R.B. Gammage, and J.T. Jankovic. 1999. Exacerbation of
chemical sensitivity: a case study. Toxicol Ind Health 15:398-402.

405. Millqvist, E., U. Bengtsson, and O. Lowhagen. 1999. Provocations with
perfume in the eyes induce airway symptoms in patients with sensory
hyperreactivity. Allergy 54:495-499.

406. Modan, B., T.A. Swartz, M. Tirosh, C. Costin, E. Weissenberg, A. Donagi,
C. Acker, M. Revach, and G. Vettorazzi. 1983. The Arjenyattah epidemic. A mass
phenomenon: spread and triggering factors. Lancet 2:1472-1474.

407. Montanaro, A. and E.J.J. Bardana. 1991. The chemically sensitive patient.
In E.J. Bardana, Jr., A. Montanaro, and M.T. O'Hollaren, editors. Hanley &
Belfus, Inc., Philadelphia. 255-266.

408. Montgomery, M.R. and M.J. Reasor. 1994. A toxicologic approach for
evaluating cases of sick building syndrome or multiple chemical sensitivity. J
Allergy Clin Immunol 94:371-375.

409. Mooser, S.B. 1987. The epidemiology of multiple chemical sensitivities
(MCS). Occup.Med. 2:663-668.

410. Morrow, L.A., S.R. Steinhauer, and C.M. Ryan. 1994. The utility of
psychophysiological measures in assessing the correlates and consequences of
organic solvent exposure. Toxicol.Ind.Health 10:537-544.

411. Morrow, L.A., T. Callender, S. Lottenberg, M.S. Buchsbaum, M.J. Hodgson,
and N. Robin. 1990. PET and neurobehavioral evidence of tetrabromoethane
encephalopathy. J Neuropsychiatry.Clin.Neurosci. 2:431-435.

412. Morton, W.E. 1997. Redefinition of abnormal susceptibility to
environmental chemicals. In Hazardous Waste: Impacts on Human and Ecological
Health. B.L. Johnson and et al, editors. Princeton Scientific Publishing,
Princeton NJ. 320-327.

413. Multiple Chemical Sensitivity: A Scientific Overview. Mitchell, Fl and
Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. 1995. Princeton, NJ, Princeton
Scientific Publishing Co., Inc.

414. Mumby, K. 1993. The Complete Guide to Food Allergies and Environmental
Illness. Thorsons, London.

415. Murphy, L.R. and M.J. Colligan. 1979. Mass psychogenic illness in a shoe
factory. A case report. Int.Arch.Occup.Environ.Health 44:133-138.

416. Natelson, B., N. Fiedler, T. Policastro, and H. Kipen. 1996. Preliminary
prevalence data on chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) and multiple chemical
sensitivity (MCS) in Persian Gulf veterans. J Chronic Fatigue Syndrome 2:136-137.

417. National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, US EPA.
Workshop on Animal Models of Nervous System Susceptibility to Indoor Air
Contaminants: Summary Report. 1-61. 1994.

418. National Research Council (Commission on Life Sciences' Board on
Environmental Studies and Toxicology). 1992. Multiple Chemical Sensitivities:
Addendum to Biologic Markers in Immunotoxicology. National Academy Press,
Washington, DC.

419. Nethercott, J.R., L.L. Davidoff, B. Curbow, and H. Abbey. 1993. Multiple
chemical sensitivities syndrome: toward a working case definition.
Arch.Environ.Health 48:19-26.

420. Neutra, R.R. 1994. Some preliminary thoughts on the potential
contribution of epidemiology to the question of multiple chemical sensitivity.
Public Health Rev. 22:271-278.

421. Newlin, D.B. 1994. Drug sensitization, substance abuse, and chemical sensitivity. Toxicol.Ind.Health 10:463-480.

422. Newlin, D.B. 1997. A behavior-genetic approach to multiple chemical
sensitivity. Environ Health Perspect 105:505-508.

423. Newlin, D.B. 1999. Evolutionary game theory and multiple chemical

sensitivity. Toxicol Ind Health 15:313-322.

424. Nielsen, G. 1991. Mechanisms of activation of the sensory irritant
receptor by airborne chemicals. CRC Crit.Rev.Toxicol. 183-208.

425. Nikiforuk, G. and M. Nikiforuk. 1986. Evidence for the "hypersensitivity
syndrome". Can.Med.Assoc.J. 134:1343-1344.

426. Norseth, T. 1994. Measuring strategies for the nineties. Future needs
from the health point of view. Analyst 119:3-7.

427. O'Connor, T. 1997. Poisoned careers. Nurs N Z 3:16-17.

428. Ohm, M. and J.E. Juto. 1993. Nasal hyperreactivity. A histamine
provocation model. Rhinology. 31:53-55.

429. Oliver, L.C. and B.W. Shackleton. 1998. The indoor air we breathe. Public
Health Rep 113:398-409.

430. Otto, D., L. Molhave, G. Rose, H.K. Hudnell, and D. House. 1990.
Neurobehavioral and sensory irritant effects of controlled exposure to a complex
mixture of volatile organic compounds. Neurotoxicol.Teratol. 12:649-652.

431. Overstreet, D.H. and V. Djuric. 1999. Links between multiple chemical
sensitivity and asthma in a rat model of cholinergic hypersensitivity: a brief
review [In Process Citation]. Toxicol Ind Health 15:517-521.

432. Overstreet, D.H., C.S. Miller, D.S. Janowsky, and R.W. Russell. 1996.
Potential animal model of multiple chemical sensitivity with cholinergic

supersensitivity. [Review]. Toxicology 111:119-134.

433. Pan, Y., A.R. Johnson, and W.J. Rea. 1991. Aliphatic hydrocarbon solvents
in chemically sensitive patients. Bol.Asoc.Med P.R. 83:316-320.

434. Parkinson, D.K., E.J. Bromet, S. Cohen, L.O. Dunn, M.A. Dew, C. Ryan, and
J.E. Schwartz. 1990. Health effects of long-term solvent exposure among women in
blue- collar occupations. Am.J.Ind.Med. 17:661-675.

435. Payan, D.G., J.D. Levine, and E.J. Goetzl. 1984. Modulation of immunity
and hypersensitivity by sensory neuropeptides. J.Immunol. 132:1601-1604.

436. Pearson, D.J., K.J. Rix, and S.J. Bentley. 1983. Food allergy: how much in the mind? A clinical and psychiatric study of suspected food hypersensitivity.
Lancet 1:1259-1261.

437. Peden, D.B. 1996. The use of nasal lavage for objective measurement of
irritant- induced nasal inflammation. [Review] [23 refs]. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol
24:Pt 2):S76-8

438. Pennebaker, J.W. 1994. Psychological bases of symptom reporting:
perceptual and emotional aspects of chemical sensitivity. Toxicol.Ind.Health

439. Pirages, S.W. and C.L. Richard. 1997. Multiple chemical sensitivities. Am Ind Hyg Assoc J 58:94-97.

440. Pollet, C., B.H. Natelson, G. Lange, L. Tiersky, J. Deluca, T.
Policastro, P. Desai, J.E. Ottenweller, L. Korn, N. Fiedler, and H. Kipen. 1998.
Medical evaluation of Persian Gulf veterans with fatigue and/or chemical
sensitivity. J Med 29:101-113.

441. Prah, J.D. and V.A. Benignus. 1984. Trigeminal sensitivity to contact
chemical stimulation: a new method and some results. Percept.Psychophys. 35:65-

442. Prah, J.D., H. Kehrl, B. Ball, and D. Ashley. 1995. Olfactory
Manifestations of Multiple Chemical Sensitivity. Chem.Series

443. Proceedings of the Conference on Low-Level Exposure to Chemicals and
Neurobiologic Sensitivity. Baltimore, Maryland, 6-7 April 1994. 10, 253-669.

444. Radcliffe, M.J., P. Ashurst, and J. Brostoff. 1995. Unexplained illness:
the mind versus the environment [see comments]. [Review] [12 refs]. J R Soc Med

445. Rafuse, J. 1995. Practical application of air-quality research
incorporated in CMHC's research house. Can.Med.Assoc.J. 152:1310-1311.

446. Randolph, T.G. 1945. Fatigue and weakness of allergic origin (allergic
toxemia) to be differentiated from nervous fatigue or neurasthenia. Ann.Allergy

447. Randolph, T.G. 1952. Sensitivity to petroleum including its derivatives
and antecedents. J.Lab.Clin.Med 40:931-932.

448. Randolph, T.G. 1954. Allergic type reactions to chemical additives of foods and drugs [Abstract]. J.Lab.Clin.Med 44:913-914.

449. Randolph, T.G. 1954. Allergic type reactions to indoor utility gas and
oil fumes [Abstract]. J.Lab.Clin.Med 44:913
450. Randolph, T.G. 1954. Allergic type reactions to industrial solvents and
liquid fuels [Abstract]. J.Lab.Clin.Med 44:910-911.

451. Randolph, T.G. 1954. Allergic type reactions to mosquito abatement fogs
and mists [Abstract]. J.Lab.Clin.Med 44:911-912.

452. Randolph, T.G. 1954. Allergic type reactions to motor exhaust [Abstract]. J.Lab.Clin.Med 44:912

453. Randolph, T.G. 1955. Depressions caused by home exposures to gas and
combustion products of gas, oil, and coal [Abstract]. J.Lab.Clin.Med 46:942

454. Randolph, T.G. 1956. The specific adaptation syndrome. J.Lab.Clin.Med

455. Randolph, T.G. 1962. Human Ecology and Susceptibility to the Chemical
Environment. C.C.Thomas, Springfield,IL.

456. Randolph, T.G. 1964. The ecologic unit, Part II. Hosp.Man. 97:47

457. Randolph, T.G. 1965. Ecologic orientation in medicine: comprehensive
environmental control in diagnosis and therapy. Ann.Allergy 23:7

458. Randolph, T.G. 1966. Clinical ecology as it affects the psychiatric
patient. Int.J.Soc.Psychiatry 12:245-254.

459. Randolph, T.G. 1970. Domiciliary chemical air pollution in the etiology
of ecologic mental illness. Int J Soc Psychiatry 16:245

460. Randolph, T.G. 1977. Both allergy and clinical ecology are needed
[editorial]. Ann.Allergy 39:215-216.

461. Randolph, T.G. 1978. Specific adaptation. Ann.Allergy 40:333-345.

462. Randolph, T.G. 1987. Environmental Medicine -- Beginnings and
Bibliographies of Clinical Ecology. Clinical Ecology Publications, Fort Collins,

463. Rea, W.J. 1988. Chemical hypersensitivity and the allergic response.
Ear.Nose.Throat.J 67:50-56.

464. Rea, W.J. 1991. Environmental pollutants [editorial]. Bol.Asoc.Med.P.R.

465. Rea, W.J. and G.H. Ross. 1989. Food and chemicals as environmental
incitants [see comments]. Nurse Pract. 14:17-8, 28, 30 passim.

466. Rea, W.J. and G.H. Ross. 1991. Food and chemicals as environmental
incitants. Bol.Asoc.Med.P.R. 83:310-315.

467. Rea, W.J., A.R. Johnson, G.H. Ross, J.R. Butler, E.J. Fenyves, J.
Griffith, and J.L. Laseter. 1992. Considerations for the diagnosis of chemical
sensitivity. In Multiple Chemical Sensitivities: Addendum to Biologic Markers in
Immunotoxicology. AnonymousNational Academy Press, Washington DC. 169-192.

468. Rea, W.J., G.H. Ross, A.R. Johnson, R.E. Smiley, and E.J. Fenyes. 1991.
Chemical sensitivity in physicians. [Review] [44 refs]. Bol Asoc Med P R 83:383-

469. Rea, W.J., G.H. Ross, A.R. Johnson, R.E. Smilley, D.E. Sprague, E.J.
Fenyves, and N. Samadi. 1991. Confirmation of chemical sensitivity by means of
double-blind inhalant challenge of toxic volatile chemicals. Bol.Asoc.Med.P.R.

470. Rea, W.J., I.R. Bell, C.W. Suits, and R.E. Smiley. 1978. Food and
chemical susceptibility after environmental chemical overexposure: case
histories. Ann.Allergy 41:101-109.

471. Rea, W.J., Y. Pan, and A.R. Johnson. 1991. Clearing of toxic volatile hydrocarbons from humans. Bol.Asoc.Med.P.R. 83:321-324.

472. Reinhardt, C.F. 1978. Chemical hypersusceptibility. J.Occup.Med. 20:319-322.

473. Rest, K.M. 1992. A survey of AOEC physician practices and attitudes
regarding multiple chemical sensitivity. Toxicol.Ind.Health 8:51-65.

474. Rest, K.M. 1992. Advancing the understanding of multiple chemical
sensitivity (MCS): overview and recommendations from an AOEC workshop.
Toxicol.Ind.Health 8:1-13.

475. Richter, E. 1993. Multiple chemical sensitivity: respect the
observations ... suspect the interpretations? [editorial]. Arch.Environ.Health

476. Ring, J., B. Eberlein-Konig, and H. Behrendt. 1999. "Eco-syndrome"
("multiple Chemical Sensitivity"--MCS) [In Process Citation]. Zentralbl Hyg
Umweltmed 202:207-218.

477. Robb, N. 1995. The environment was right for Nova Scotia's new
environmental health clinic. Can.Med Assoc.J 152:1292-1295.

478. Root, D., Katzin, D., and Schnare, D. Diagnosis and treatment of patients
presenting subclinical signs and symptoms of exposure to chemicals which
bioaccumulate in human tissue. 150-153. 1985. Hazardous Materials Control
Research Inst. Proceedings of the National Conference on Hazardous Wastes and
Environmental Emergencies. 5-14-1985.

479. Rosenberg, S.J., M.R. Freedman, K.B. Schmaling, and C. Rose. 1990.
Personality styles of patients asserting environmental illness [see comments].
J.Occup.Med. 32:678-681.

480. Rosenthal, N.E. 1994. Multiple chemical sensitivity: lessons from
seasonal affective disorder. Toxicol.Ind.Health 10:623-632.

481. Rosenthal, N.E. and C.L. Cameron. 1991. Exaggerated sensitivity to an
organophosphate pesticide [letter] [see comments]. Am.J.Psychiatry 148:270-270.

482. Ross, G.H. 1992. History and clinical presentation of the chemically
sensitive patient. [Review]. Toxicol.Ind.Health 8:21-28.

483. Ross, G.H. 1992. Treatment options in multiple chemical sensitivity.
Toxicol.Ind.Health 8:87-94.

484. Ross, G.H. 1997. Clinical characteristics of chemical sensitivity: an
illustrative case history of asthma and MCS. Environ Health Perspect 105:437-431.

485. Ross, G.H., W.J. Rea, A.R. Johnson, D.C. Hickey, and T.R. Simon. 1999.
Neurotoxicity in single photon emission computed tomography brain scans of
patients reporting chemical sensitivities. Toxicol Ind Health 15:415-420.

486. Ross, H.L. 1995. The behavioral effects of indoor air pollutants.
[Review]. Occup.Med. 10:147-166.

487. Ross, P.M., J. Whysner, V.T. Covello, M. Kuschner, A.B. Rifkind, M.J.
Sedler, D. Trichopoulos, and G.M. Williams. 1999. Olfaction and symptoms in the
multiple chemical sensitivities syndrome. Prev Med 28:467-480.

488. Rossi, J.3. 1996. Sensitization induced by kindling and kindling-related
phenomena as a model for multiple chemical sensitivity. [Review]. Toxicology

489. Rowat, S.C. 1998. Integrated Defense System Overlaps as a Disease Model:
With Examples for Multiple Chemical Sensitivity. Environ Health Perspect 106S:85-

490. Ryan, C.M., L.A. Morrow, and M. Hodgson. 1988. Cacosmia and
neurobehavioral dysfunction associated with occupational exposure to mixtures of
organic solvents. Am J Psychiatry 145:1442-1445.

491. Salvaggio, J.E. 1990. The impact of allergy and immunology on our
expanding industrial environment. [Review] [75 refs]. J.Allergy Clin.Immunol.

492. Salvaggio, J.E. 1994. Psychological aspects of "environmental
illness," "multiple chemical sensitivity," and building-related illness. J
Allergy Clin Immunol 94:Pt 2):366-70

493. Salvaggio, J.E. 1994. Special diagnostic and immunologic considerations.
In Occupational Medicine. C. Zenz, O.B. Dickerson, and Jr.E.P. Horvath, editors.
Mosby-Year Book, Inc., St. Louis, Missouri. 159-164.

494. Salvaggio, J.E. 1994. Use and misuse of biomarker tests in "environmental
conditions". [Review]. Journal.of Allergy &.Clinical.Immunology 94:380-384.

495. Salvaggio, J.E. 1996. Understanding clinical immunological testing in
alleged chemically induced environmental illnesses. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 24:Pt

496. Salvaggio, J.E. and A.I. Terr. 1996. Multiple chemical sensitivity
multiorgan dysesthesia, multiple symptom complex, and multiple confusion:
problems in diagnosing the patient presenting with unexplained multisystemic
symptoms. Crit Rev Toxicol 26:617-631.

497. Saunders, R.L., Jr., G.M. Halpern, and M.E. Gershwin. 1995. Odor-
associated idiopathic anaphylaxis. A case report. [Review]. Allergol.et
Immunopath. 23(1):35-37.

498. Schmidt, C.W. 1998. Environmental health 2000 [news]. Environ Health
Perspect 106:A600-A603

499. Schnare, D.W. and P.C. Robinson. 1986. Reduction of the human body
burdens of hexachlorobenzene and polychlorinated biphenyls. IARC.Sci.Publ. 597-

500. Schneider, C.H., R. Guenin, and O. Toffler. 1985. Immediate
hypersensitivity to drugs and simple chemicals: the efficacy of monovalent
elicitors. Eur.J.Immunol. 15:155-162.

501. Schottenfeld, R.S. 1987. Workers with multiple chemical sensitivities: a
psychiatric approach to diagnosis and treatment. Occup.Med. 2:739-753.

502. Schottenfeld, R.S. 1992. Psychologic sequelae of chemical and hazardous
materials exposures. In Clinical principles of environmental health. J.B.
Sullivan Jr. and G.R. Krieger, editors. Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore, MD. 463-

503. Schwartz, G.E., I.R. Bell, Z.V. Dikman, M. Fernandez, J.P. Kline, J.M.
Peterson, and K.P. Wright. 1994. EEG responses to low-level chemicals in normals
and cacosmics. Toxicol.Ind.Health 10:633-643.

504. Selner, J.C. 1996. Chamber challenges: the necessity of objective
observation. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 24:Pt 2):S87-95

505. Selner, J.C. and H. Staudenmayer. 1985. The practical approach to the
evaluation of suspected environmental exposures: chemical intolerance.
Ann.Allergy 55:665-673.

506. Selner, J.C. and H. Staudenmayer. 1986. The relationship of the
environment and food to allergic and psychiatric illness. In Psychobiological
Aspects of Allergic Disorders. S.H. Young, J.M. Rubin, and H.R. Daman, editors.
Praeger, New York,NY.

507. Selner, J.C. and H. Staudenmayer. 1992. Neuropsychophysiologic
observations in patients presenting with environmental illness. Toxicol Ind
Health 8:145-155.

508. Shapiro, G.G. and J.A. Anderson. 1988. Controversial techniques in
allergy. Pediatrics 82:935-937.

509. Sherman, J.D. 1995. Organophosphate pesticides--neurological and
respiratory toxicity. [Review]. Toxicol.Ind.Health 11:33-39.

510. Shorter, E. 1997. Multiple chemical sensitivity: pseudodisease in
historical perspective. Scand J Work Environ Health 23 Suppl 3:35-42:35-42.

511. Shusterman, D., J. Balmes, and J. Cone. 1988. Behavioral sensitization to
irritants/odorants after acute overexposures. J.Occup.Med. 30:565-567.

512. Sidorenko, G.I., G.I. Rumiantsev, and S.M. Novikov. 1998. [Topical
problems in the study of the influence of environmental factors on the health of
the population]. Gig Sanit. 3-8.

513. Siegel, S. 1999. Multiple chemical sensitivity as a conditional response.
Toxicol Ind Health 15:323-330.

514. Siegel, S. and R. Kreutzer. 1997. Pavlovian conditioning and multiple
chemical sensitivity. Environ Health Perspect 105:521-526.

515. Sikorski, E.E., H.M. Kipen, J.C. Selner, C.S. Miller, and K.E. Rodgers.
1995. Roundtable summary: the question of multiple chemical sensitivity.
Fundam.Appl.Toxicol. 24:22-28.

516. Simon, G.E. 1992. Epidemic multiple chemical sensitivity in an industrial
setting. Toxicol Ind Health 8:41-46.

517. Simon, G.E. 1992. Psychiatric treatments in multiple chemical
sensitivity. Toxicol.Ind.Health 8:67-72.

518. Simon, G.E. 1994. Psychiatric symptoms in multiple chemical sensitivity.
Toxicol.Ind.Health 10:487-496.

519. Simon, G.E., W. Daniell, H. Stockbridge, K. Claypoole, and L. Rosenstock.
1993. Immunologic, psychological, and neuropsychological factors in multiple
chemical sensitivity. A controlled study [see comments]. Ann.Intern.Med. 119:97-

520. Simon, G.E., W.J. Katon, and P.J. Sparks. 1990. Allergic to life:
psychological factors in environmental illness. Am.J.Psychiatry 147:901-906.

521. Simon, R.I. 1998. The credible forensic psychiatric evaluation in
multiple chemical sensitivity litigation. J Am Acad Psychiatry Law. 26:361-374.

522. Simon, T.R., D.C. Hickey, C.E. Fincher, A.R. Johnson, G.H. Ross, and W.J.
Rea. 1994. Single photon emission computed tomography of the brain in patients
with chemical sensitivities. Toxicol.Ind.Health 10:573-577.

523. Simpson, L.O. 1997. Myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME): a haemorheological
disorder manifested as impaired capillary blood flow. Journal of Orthomolecular
Medicine 12:69-76.

524. Sirois, F. 1974. Epidemic hysteria. Acta Psychiatr.Scand.Supp. 252:1-46.

525. Slotkoff, A.T., D.A. Radulovic, and D.J. Clauw. 1997. The relationship
between fibromyalgia and the multiple chemical sensitivity syndrome. Scand J
Rheumatol 26:364-367.

526. Small, G.W. and J.F. Borus. 1983. Outbreak of illness in a school chorus.
Toxic poisoning or mass hysteria? N.E.J.M. 308:632-635.

527. Smith, M.J., M.J. Colligan, and J.J. Hurrell. 1978. Three incidents of

industrial mass psychogenic illness: a preliminary report. J.Occup.Med. 20:399-

528. Smith, S.J. and J.M. Loeb. 1993. Clinical ecology. J.A.M.A. 269:1635-s

529. Sokolov, V.E., V.V. Voznesenskaia, V.M. Parfenova, and Vaisoki ChD. 1996.
[Induced sensitivity to odorants: a new phenomenon]. [Russian]. Dokl Akad Nauk

530. Sorg, B.A. and B.M. Prasad. 1997. Potential role of stress and
sensitization in the development and expression of multiple chemical sensitivity.
Environ Health Perspect 105:467-471.

531. Sorg, B.A. and T. Hochstatter. 1999. Behavioral sensitization after
repeated formaldehyde exposure in rats. Toxicol Ind Health 15:346-355.

532. Sorg, B.A., J.R. Willis, R.E. See, B. Hopkins, and H.H. Westberg. 1998.
Repeated low-level formaldehyde exposure produces cross-sensitization to cocaine:
possible relevance to chemical sensitivity in humans. Neuropsychopharmacology

533. Sorg, B.A., J.R. Willis, T.C. Nowatka, C. Ulibarri, R.E. See, and H.H.
Westberg. 1996. Proposed animal neurosensitization model for multiple chemical
sensitivity in studies with formalin. Toxicology 111:135-145.

534. Sorg, B.A., M.S. Hooks, and P.W. Kalivas. 1994. Neuroanatomy and
neurochemical mechanisms of time-dependent sensitization. Toxicol.Ind.Health

535. Sparer, J. 1987. Environmental evaluation of workers with multiple
chemical sensitivities: an industrial hygienist's view. Occup.Med. 2:705-712.

536. Sparks, P.J., G.E. Simon, W.J. Katon, L.C. Altman, G.H. Ayars, and R.L.
Johnson. 1990. An outbreak of illness among aerospace workers [see comments].
West.J.Med. 153:28-33.

537. Sparks, P.J., W. Daniell, D.W. Black, H.M. Kipen, L.C. Altman, G.E.
Simon, and A.I. Terr. 1994. Multiple chemical sensitivity syndrome: a clinical
perspective. II. Evaluation, diagnostic testing, treatment, and social
considerations. J.Occup.Med. 36:731-737.

538. Sparks, P.J., W. Daniell, D.W. Black, H.M. Kipen, L.C. Altman, G.E.
Simon, and A.I. Terr. 1994. Multiple chemical sensitivity syndrome: a clinical
perspective. I. Case definition, theories of pathogenesis, and research needs.
J.Occup.Med. 36:718-730.

539. Spyker, D.A. 1995. Multiple chemical sensitivities--syndrome and
solution. J.Toxicol.Clin.Toxicol. 33:95-99.

540. Stahl, S.M. and M. Lebedun. 1974. Mystery gas: An analysis of mass
hysteria. J.Health Soc.Behav. 15:44-50.

541. Staudenmayer, H. 1996. Clinical consequences of the EI/MCS "diagnosis":
two paths. [Review] [56 refs]. Regul.Toxicol.Pharmacol. 24:Pt 2):S96-110

542. Staudenmayer, H. 1997. Multiple chemical sensitivities or idiopathic
environmental intolerances: psychophysiologic foundation of knowledge for a
psychogenic explanation [editorial; comment]. J Allergy Clin Immunol 99:434-437.

543. Staudenmayer, H. 1999. Environmental Illness: Myth and Reality. Lewis
Publishers, Boca Raton, FL.

544. Staudenmayer, H. and J.C. Selner. 1987. Post-traumatic stress syndrome
(PTSS): escape in the environment [editorial]. J Clin.Psychol. 43:156-157.

545. Staudenmayer, H. and J.C. Selner. 1990. Neuropsychophysiology during
relaxation in generalized, universal 'allergic' reactivity to the environment: a
comparison study [see comments]. J.Psychosom.Res. 34:259-270.

546. Staudenmayer, H. and J.C. Selner. 1995. Failure to assess psychopathology
in patients presenting with chemical sensitivities. J.Occup.Environ.Med. 37:704-
9; discussion 710.

547. Staudenmayer, H., J.C. Selner, and M.P. Buhr. 1993. Double-blind
provocation chamber challenges in 20 patients presenting with multiple chemical
sensitivity. Regul.Toxicol.Pharmacol. 18:44-53.

548. Staudenmayer, H., M.E. Selner, and J.C. Selner. 1993. Adult sequelae of
childhood abuse presenting as environmental illness. Ann.Allergy 71:538-546.

549. Stenn, P. and K. Binkley. 1998. Successful outcome in a patient with
chemical sensitivity. Treatment with psychological desensitization and selective
serotonin reuptake inhibitor. Psychosomatics 39:547-550.

550. Stewart, D.E. 1987. Environmental hypersensitivity disorder, total
allergy and 20th century disease: a critical review. Can.Fam.Physician 33:405-

551. Stewart, D.E. and J. Raskin. 1985. Psychiatric assessment of patients
with "20th-century disease" ("total allergy syndrome"). Can.Med.Assoc.J. 133:1001-

552. Stewart, D.E. and J. Raskin. 1986. Hypersensitivity disorder and
vernacular science. Can.Med.Assoc.J. 134:1344-1346.

553. Stokinger, H.E. and J.T. Mountain. 1967. Progress in detecting the worker
hypersusceptible to industrial chemicals. J.Occup.Med. 9:537-542.

554. Straus, S.E., J.K. Dale, R. Wright, and D.D. Metcalfe. 1988. Allergy and
the chronic fatigue syndrome. [Review] [29 refs]. J Allergy Clin Immunol 81:Pt

555. Stricker, R.B. 1994. Controversy over multiple chemical sensitivities
[letter; comment]. Ann.Intern.Med. 120:249; discussion 250-1

556. Strickland, B.R. 1981. Psychological Effects of Food and Chemical
Susceptibilities. Voices Fall:68-72.

557. Sutton, W.L. 1969. Psychiatric disorders and industrial toxicology.
Int.Psychiatry Clin. 6:339-351.

558. Szarek, M.J., I.R. Bell, and G.E. Schwartz. 1997. Validation of a brief
screening measure of environmental chemical sensitivity: the chemical odor
intolerance index. J Environ Psychol 17:345-351.

559. Tabershaw, I.R. and W.C. Cooper. 1966. Sequelae of Acute Organic
Phosphate Poisoning. J.Occup.Med. 8:5-20.

560. Terr, A.I. 1986. Environmental illness. A clinical review of 50 cases.
Arch.Int.Med. 146:145-149.

561. Terr, A.I. 1987. Clinical ecology. J.Allergy Clin.Immunol. 79:423-426.

562. Terr, A.I. 1987. Multiple chemical sensitivities: immunologic critique of
clinical ecology theories and practice. Occup.Med. 2:683-694.

563. Terr, A.I. 1989. Clinical ecology in the workplace. J.Occup.Med. 31:257-

564. Terr, A.I. 1993. Immunological issues in multiple chemical sensitivities.
Regul.Toxicol.Pharmacol. 18:54-60.

565. Terr, A.I. 1993. Multiple chemical sensitivities [editorial; comment].
Ann.Intern.Med. 119:163-164.

566. Terr, A.I. 1994. Multiple chemical sensitivities: immunologic critique of
clinical ecology theories and practice. J.Allergy Clin.Immunol. 94:362-366.

567. Terr, A.I. 1996. Anaphylactic Syndromes: Chemical Sensitivity. In Current
Therapy in Allergy, Immunology, and Rheumatology. L.M. Lichtenstein and A.S.
Fauci, editors. Mosby, St. Louis, MO. 137

568. Thomas, J.G. 1998. A critical analysis of multiple chemical
sensitivities. Med Hypotheses 50:303-311.

569. Thomson, GM. Report of the ad hoc committee on environmental
hypersensitivity disorders. 1985. Toronto, Ontario, Ontario Ministry of Health.

570. Thrasher, J.D., R. Madison, and A. Broughton. 1993. Immunologic
abnormalities in humans exposed to chlorpyrifos: preliminary observations.
Arch.Environ.Health 48:89-93.

571. Tollefson, L. 1993. Multiple chemical sensitivity: controlled scientific
studies as proof of causation. Regul.Toxicol.Pharmacol. 18:32-43.

572. Twombly, R. 1994. MCS: a sensitive issue [published erratum appears in
Environ Health Perspect 1994 Nov;102(11):918]. Environ Health Perspect 102:746-

573. Ugrenovic, Z. and J. Bobic. 1998. [Multiple chemical sensitivity:
theories of etiopathogenesis]. Arh Hig Rada Toksikol 49:189-205.

574. Van den Bergh, O., K. Stegen, and K.P. Van de Woestijne. 1997. Learning
to have psychosomatic complaints: conditioning of respiratory behavior and
somatic complaints in psychosomatic patients. Psychosom Med 59:13-23.

575. Van den Bergh, O., K. Stegen, I. Van Diest, C. Raes, P. Stulens, P.
Eelen, H. Veulemans, K.P. Van de Woestijne, and B. Nemery. 1999. Acquisition and
extinction of somatic symptoms in response to odours: a Pavlovian paradigm
relevant to multiple chemical sensitivity. Occup Environ Med 56:295-301.

576. Vievskaya, G., N. Bayda, and A.N. Vievskii. 1977. Mental disorders in
persons with chemical allergies. Zh Nevropatol Psikhiatr 77:908-911.

577. Voelker, R. 1994. Does multiple chemical sensitivity exist? Safety &
Health 150:54-57.

578. von Muhlendahl, K.E. 1997. Multiple chemical sensitivity. A view from
under the grassroots. [Review] [6 refs]. Eur J Pediatr 54:452-455.

579. von Muhlendahl, K.E. 1997. Multiple chemical sensitivity. A view from
under the grassroots. Eur J Pediatr 156:499-500.

580. Waddell, W.J. 1993. The science of toxicology and its relevance to MCS.
Regul.Toxicol.Pharmacol. 18:13-22.

581. Waickman, F.J. and A. Vojdani. 1998. Putting chemical and environmental
sensitivities in perspective. Otolaryngol Clin North Am 31:55-67.

582. Wald, M.S. 1995. Multiple chemical sensitivity syndrome. Hosp.Pract.
(Off.Ed). 30:28K-28O.

583. Wallace, L. A. and et al. The Total Exposures Assessment Methodology
(TEAM) Study: Summary and Analysis, Vol.1. 1987. Washington,DC, U.S.EPA.

Wallace, L., Nelson, C. J., Kollander, M., Leaderer, B., Bascom, R., and
Dunteman, G. Indoor air quality and work environment study: Multivariate
statistical analysis of health, comfort, and odor percpetions as related to
personal and workplace characteristics. 21M-3004, Vol. 4. 1991. Washington DC, US EPA, EPA Headquarters Buildings Atmospheric Research and Exposure Laboratory.
Wallace, L.A., C.J. Nelson, and W.G. Glen. 1995. Perception of indoor air quality among government employees in Washington DC. Technology: Journal of the Franklin Institute 332A:183-198.
Wallace, L.A., C.J. Nelson, R. Highsmith, and G. Dunteman. 1993. Association of personal and workplace characteristics with health, comfort and odor: a survey of 3948 office workers in three buildings. Indoor Air 3:193-205.
Walters, A.H. 1985. Clinical ecology in environmental health. Rev.Environ.Health 5:271-293.
Weaver, V.M. 1996. Medical management of the multiple chemical sensitivity patient. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 24:Pt 2):S111-5
Weiss, B. 1994. Low-level chemical sensitivity: a perspective from behavioral toxicology. Toxicol Ind Health 10:605-617.
Weiss, B. 1997. Experimental strategies for research on multiple chemical sensitivity. Environ Health Perspect 105:487-494.
Weiss, B. 1998. Neurobehavioral properties of chemical sensitivity syndromes. Neurotoxicology 19:259-268.
Weiss, S.R. and R.M. Post. 1994. Caveats in the use of the kindling model of affective disorders. Toxicol.Ind.Health 10:421-447.
Wetherell, A. 1997. Cognitive and psychomotor performance tests and experiment design in multiple chemical sensitivity. Environ Health Perspect 105:495-503.
Whorton, M.D. and D.L. Obrinsky. 1983. Persistence of symptoms after mild to moderate acute organophosphate poisoning among 19 farm field workers. J.Toxicol.Environ.Health 11:347-354.
Widdows, J. and P. Donkin. 1991. Role of physiological energetics in ecotoxicology. Comp.Biochem.Physiol.C. 100:69-75.
Wilson, C. 1994. Patient statement: chemical sensitivity--one victim's perspective. Toxicol.Ind.Health 10:319-321.
Winterbauer, S.H. 1997. Multiple chemical sensitivity and the ADA: Taking a clear picture of a blurry object. Employee Relations L.J. 23:69-104.
Wittmer, J. 1996. Selected reviews of the literature: multiple chemical sensitivities. J Occup Environ Med 38:1085
Wolf, C. 1994. Multiple chemical sensitivities. Is there a scientific basis? Int.Arch.Occup.Environ.Health 66:213-216.
Wolf, C. 1996. [Multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS)--the so-called chemical multiple hypersensitivity]. [Review] [25 refs] [German]. Versicherungsmedizin 48:175-178.
Wolf, C. 1998. ["Multiple chemical sensitivity syndrome"]. Schweiz Med Wochenschr 128:1217-1222.
Wolf, C. 1998. [In Process Citation]. Schweiz Med Wochenschr 128:1217-1222.
Wolff, P. 1998. Being well in an environmentally challenged world: canary or phoenix? Beginnings. 18:6, 15.
World Health Organization (Regional Office for Europe) and Commission of European Communities (Health and Safety Directorate). 1984. Workshop on allergic responses and hypersensitivities induced by chemicals; Frankfurt, 12-15 October 1982. World Health Organization/Commission of European Communities. Clin.Allergy 14:113-114.
Ziem, G. 1989. Physical symptoms after neurotoxic exposure [letter; comment]. J.Occup.Med. 31:410-411.
Ziem, G. 1999. Understanding patients with multiple chemical sensitivity. Am Fam.Physician. 59:2101, 2104.
Ziem, G. and A. Donnay. 1995. Chronic fatigue, fibromyalgia, and chemical sensitivity: overlapping disorders [letter; comment]. Arch Intern Med 155:1913-1913.
Ziem, G. and J. McTamney. 1997. Profile of patients with chemical injury and sensitivity. Environ Health Perspect 105:417-436.
Ziem, G.E. 1992. Multiple chemical sensitivity: treatment and followup with avoidance and control of chemical exposures. Toxicol.Ind.Health 8:73-86.
Ziem, G.E. and L.L. Davidoff. 1992. Illness from chemical "odors": is the health significance understood? [editorial; comment] [see comments]. Arch.Environ.Health 47:88-91


Zusammengestellt von Albert Donnay, www.mcsrr.org
Bei Ergänzung oder Korrektur bitte Mail an adonnay@mcsrr.org
Publizierung der Liste nur mit Genehmigung des Autors.